Permanent sovereignty over natural resources in the 21st century: natural resource governance and the right to self-determination of indigenous peoples under international law
Pereira, Ricardo; Gough, Orla;
Publisher: Melbourne Law School
Permanent sovereignty over natural resources has emerged as a fundamental principle in international law, allowing postcolonial states to assert full sovereignty or ‘sovereign rights’ over natural resources found within the limits of their jurisdiction. Despite the post... View more
1 Erica-Irene A Daes, 'Protection of the World's Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights' in Janusz Symonides (ed), Human Rights: Concept and Standards (UNESCO and Ashgate, 2000) 301, 302.
2 Hurst Hannum, 'The Protection of Indigenous Rights in the Inter-American System' in David J Harris and Stephen Livingstone (eds), The Inter-American System of Human Rights (Oxford University Press, 1998) 323, 324.
4 Cayuga Indians (Great Britain v United States) (Awards) (1926) 6 RIAA 173.
5 Ibid 179; W Michael Reisman, 'Protecting Indigenous Rights in International Adjudication' (1995) 89 American Journal of International Law 350, 351; Ricardo M Pereira, 'The Right to Reproductive Self-Determination of Indigenous Peoples under Human Rights Law' in Sabine Berking and Magdalena Zolkos (eds), Between Life and Death: Governing Populations in the Era of Human Rights (Peter Lang, 2009) 303, 304.
6 Pereira, 'The Right to Reproductive Self-Determination', above n 5, 304. See also Richard Falk, 'The Rights of Peoples (In Particular Indigenous Peoples)' in James Crawford (ed), The Rights of Peoples (Oxford University Press, 1988) 17, 17-37.
7 See United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, GA Res 61/295, UN GAOR, 61st sess, 107th plen mtg, Agenda Item 68, Supp No 49, UN Doc A/RES/61/295 (2 October 2007) annex ('United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples') art 29 ('UNDRIP'); Convention (No 169) concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries, opened for signature 27 June 1989, 1650 UNTS 383 (entered into force 5 September 1991) art 15 ('ILO Convention 169').
8 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, GA Res 217A (III), UN GAOR, 3rd sess, 183rd plen mtg, UN Doc A/810 (10 December 1948).
9 See International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, opened for signature 19 December 1966, 999 UNTS 171 (entered into force 23 March 1976) ('ICCPR'); International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, opened for signature 16 December 1966, 993 UNTS 3 (entered into force 3 January 1976) ('ICESCR').
10 International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, opened for signature 7 March 1966, 660 UNTS 195 (entered into force 4 January 1969).