From danger and motherhood to health and beauty: health advice for the factory girl in early Twentieth-Century Britain

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Long, Vicky; Marland, Hilary;

A survey of government reports and the archives and journals of other agencies interested in industrial health in early twentieth-century Britain has led us to conclude that, in addition to apprehension about the potentially harmful impact of industrial work on the repr... View more
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    5 Associated most famously with G. Stanley Hall, Youth: Its Education, Regimen, and Hygiene (New York, 1906).

    6 See A. Woollacott, On Her Their Lives Depend: Munition Workers in the Great War (Berkeley, 1994), 143-52; S. Alexander, 'Becoming a woman in London in the 1920s and '30s', in S. Alexander, Becoming a Woman and other Essays in 19th and 20th Century Feminist History (London, 1994), 203-24; A. Woollacott, ' ''Khaki fever'' and its control: gender, age and sexual morality on the British homefront in the First World War', Journal of Contemporary History, 29 (1994), 325-47. David Fowler also points to the increasing affluence of young wage earners-male and female-and the corresponding rise of a teenage consumer culture in the inter-war years. His account explores how traditional youth organizations, such as the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides, had to abandon character building objectives by the mid- to late 1930s to compete with more popular attractions such as the cinema. See D. Fowler, The First Teenagers: The Lifestyle of Young Wage-Earners in Interwar Britain (London, 1995), 93-166.

    7 Harry Hendrick, Images of Youth: Age, Class and the Male Youth Problem, 1880-1920 (Oxford, 1990).

    8 R. Hyde, 'Editor's notes', Boys' Welfare Journal, 1 (1918), 1-4; 3.

    9 Carol Dyhouse, Girls Growing Up in Late Victorian and Edwardian England (London, 1981).

    10 Barclay Baron, The Growing Generation: A Study of Working Boys and Girls in our Cities (London, 1911), published by the inter-denominational Student Christian Movement, 30.

    11 Discussed in Selina Todd, Young Women, Work and Family 1918-50 (Oxford, 2005), 54-84.

    12 Statistics for 1901 and 1911 taken from Harrison, Not Only the 'Dangerous Trades', 5-6, 8. Harrison and Todd draw upon the Census Returns for England and Wales.

    13 Todd, Young Women, 19-20.

    14 Jane Lewis, Women in England 1870-1950: Sexual Divisions and Social Change (Brighton, 1984), 156-7; Miriam Glucksmann, Women Assemble: Women Workers and the New Industries in Interwar Britain (London, 1990), 46-56. Selina Todd points to the centrality of paid employment as a defining force in the identity of young women, as in the inter-war period the new light manufacturing industries were seen as offering acceptable and desirable occupations for young women: Todd, Young Women.

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