publication . Article . 2017

Interest in and reactions to genetic risk information: The role of implicit theories and self-affirmation

Jennifer M. Taber; William M.P. Klein; Susan Persky; Rebecca A. Ferrer; Annette R. Kaufman; Chan L. Thai; Peter R. Harris;
  • Published: 01 Oct 2017 Journal: Social Science & Medicine, volume 190, pages 101-110 (issn: 0277-9536, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract Rationale Implicit theories reflect core assumptions about whether human attributes are malleable or fixed: Incremental theorists believe a characteristic is malleable whereas entity theorists believe it is fixed. People with entity theories about health may be less likely to engage in risk-mitigating behavior. Spontaneous self-affirmation (e.g., reflecting on one's values when threatened) may lessen defensiveness and unhealthy behaviors associated with fixed beliefs, and reduce the likelihood of responding to health risk information with fixed beliefs. Method Across two studies conducted in the US from 2012 to 2015, we investigated how self-affirmation...
Medical Subject Headings: humanities
free text keywords: Genetic risk, Genetic testing, medicine.diagnostic_test, medicine, Self-affirmation, Disease, Body weight, Overweight, medicine.symptom, Health risk, Lay theories, business.industry, business, Social psychology
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