Spreading dynamics on spatially constrained complex brain networks

Article, Other literature type, Preprint English OPEN
O'Dea, Reuben ; Crofts, Jonathan J. ; Kaiser, Marcus (2013)
  • Publisher: Royal Society
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1098/rsif.2013.0016, doi: 10.1098/​rsif.2013.0016
  • Subject: Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition | 92B05, 92B20 | Nonlinear Sciences - Cellular Automata and Lattice Gases | Physics - Biological Physics | Research Articles | Condensed Matter - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks

The study of dynamical systems defined on complex networks provides a natural framework with which to investigate myriad features of neural dynamics, and has been widely undertaken. Typically, however, networks employed in theoretical studies bear little relation to the spatial embedding or connectivity of the neural networks that they attempt to replicate. Here, we employ detailed neuroimaging data to define a network whose spatial embedding represents accurately the folded structure of the cortical surface of a rat and investigate the propagation of activity over this network under simple spreading and connectivity rules. By comparison with standard network models with the same coarse statistics, we show that the cortical geometry influences profoundly the speed propagation of activation through the network. Our conclusions are of high relevance to the theoretical modelling of epileptic seizure events, and indicate that such studies which omit physiological network structure risk simplifying the dynamics in a potentially significant way.
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