publication . Article . 2015

A Hybrid Optical Fiber and FSO System for Bidirectional Communications Used in Bridges

Yu, Yi-Lin; Liaw, Shien-Kuei; Chou, Hsi-Hsir; Le Minh, Hoa; Ghassemlooy, Zabih;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Dec 2015 Journal: IEEE Photonics Journal, volume 7, pages 1-9 (eissn: 1943-0655, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
In this paper, a 10-Gb/s hybrid optical fiber (OF) and free-space optics (FSO) link as part of a bidirectional long-haul OF transmission for application in outdoor environments such as bridges is proposed. A fiber-Bragg-grating (FBG) sensor head is used for monitoring the condition of a bridge, and in the case of the bridge being damaged, the transmission path is changed over from OF to the FSO link to ensure link connectivity. An Erbium-doped fiber amplifier is used to compensate for losses due to the fiber cable and the free-space channel. At a bit error rate (BER) of 10e-9, the power penalty between the OF and FSO paths is <; 1 dB, and the power variations fo...
Subjects
free text keywords: Plastic optical fiber, Fiber optic splitter, Fiber-optic communication, Physics, Multi-mode optical fiber, Graded-index fiber, Dispersion-shifted fiber, Wavelength-division multiplexing, Optics, business.industry, business, Optical fiber cable, law.invention, law, H600
16 references, page 1 of 2

[1] P. J. Winzer and R. J. Essiambre, “Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 4711-4728, Dec. 2006. [OpenAIRE]

[2] A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and T. Li, “High-capacity optical transmission systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1032-1045, May 2008.

[3] T. Tsujimura, K. Yoshida, T. Kurashima, and M. Mikawa, “Trans-window free space optics transmission system,” in Proc. SICE Annu. Conf., 2008, pp. 79-82. [OpenAIRE]

[4] E. Ciaramella et al., “1.28-Tb/s (32 40 Gb/s) free-space optical WDM transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 16, pp. 1121-1123, Aug. 2009. [OpenAIRE]

[5] R. Paudel, Z. Ghassemlooy, H. Le-Minh, and S. Rajbhandari, “Modelling of free space optical link for ground-to-train communications using a Gaussian source,” IET Optoelectron., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1-8, Feb. 2013.

[6] M. Ijaz et al., “Modeling of fog and smoke attenuation in free space optical communications link under controlled laboratory conditions,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 1720-1726, Jun. 2013. [OpenAIRE]

[7] H. Y. Hsu et al., “2 80 Gbit/s dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) bidirectional wavelength reuse optical wireless transmission,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 5, no. 4, Aug. 2013, Art. ID 7901708.

[8] K. Yoshida, K. Tanaka, T. Tsujimura, and Y. Azuma, “Assisted focus adjustment for free space optics system coupling single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 60, no. 11, pp. 5306-5314, Nov. 2013.

[9] A. Shahparia et al., “Ultra-high-capacity passive optical network systems with free-space optical communications,” Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 149-162, Jul. 2014.

[10] Z. Ghassemlooy, W. O. Popoola, and S. Rajbhandari, Optical Wireless Communications-System and Channel Modelling With Matlab. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC, Aug. 2008.

[11] R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, and G. Sasaki, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, 3rd ed. San Francisco, CA, USA: Morgan Kaufman, 2010.

[12] H. J. Sheng, W. F. Liu, K. R. Lin, S. S. Bor, and M. Y. Fu, “High-sensitivity temperature-independent differential pressure sensor using fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 20, pp. 16013-16018, Sep. 2008.

[13] C. Gouveia, P. A. S. Jorge, J. M. Baptista, and O. Frazao, “Fabry-Pérot cavity based on a high-birefringent fiber Bragg grating for refractive index and temperature measurement,” IEEE Sens. J., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 17-21, Jan. 2012.

[14] B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, 2nd ed. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley-Interscience, 2007.

[15] K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1263-1276, Aug. 1997.

16 references, page 1 of 2
Powered by OpenAIRE Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue