Post-traumatic stress disorder following childbirth: an update of current issues and recommendations for future research

Article English OPEN
McKenzie-McHarg, K. ; Ayers, S. ; Ford, E. ; Horsch, A. ; Jomeen, J. ; Sawyer, A. ; Stramrood, C. ; Thomson, G. ; Slade, P. (2015)

Objective: \ud This paper aimed to report the current status of research in the field of post-traumatic stress disorder following childbirth (PTSD FC), and to update the findings of an earlier 2008 paper. \ud \ud Background: \ud A group of international researchers, clinicians and service users met in 2006 to establish the state of clinical and academic knowledge relating to PTSD FC. A paper identified four key areas of research knowledge at that time. \ud \ud Methods: \ud Fourteen clinicians and researchers met in Oxford, UK to update the previously published paper relating to PTSD FC. The first part of the meeting focused on updating the four key areas identified previously, and the second part on discussing new and emerging areas of research within the field. \ud \ud Results: \ud A number of advances have been made in research within the area of PTSD FC. Prevalence is well established within mothers, several intervention studies have been published, and there is growing interest in new areas: staff and pathways; prevention and early intervention; impact on families and children; special populations; and post-traumatic growth. \ud \ud Conclusion: \ud Despite progress, significant gaps remain within the PTSD FC knowledge base. Further research continues to be needed across all areas identified in 2006, and five areas were identified which can be seen as ‘new and emerging’. All of these new areas require further extensive research. Relatively little is still known about PTSD FC.
  • References (12)
    12 references, page 1 of 2

    Alderdice, F., Ayers, S., Darwin, Z., Green, J., Jomeen, J., Kenyon, S., Martin, C.R., Morrell, C.J., Newham, J.J., Redshaw, M., Savage-McGlynn, E., & Walsh, J. (2013).

    Measuring psychological health in the perinatal period: workshop consensus statement. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 31(5), 431-438.

    DOI: 10.1080/02646838.2013.835039 American Psychiatric Association, (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Arlington: APA.

    Aveyard, P., Cheng, K. K., Manaseki, S., & Gardosi, J. (2002). The risk of preterm delivery in women from different ethnic groups. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 109, 894-899. DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2002.01197.x Ayers, S. (2004). Delivery as a Traumatic Event: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Treatment for Postnatal Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, 47(3), 552-567. DOI: 10.1097/01.grf.0000129919.00756.9c Ayers, S., Harris, R., Sawyer, A., Parfitt, Y., & Ford, E. (2009). Posttraumatic stress disorder after childbirth: Analysis of symptom presentation and sampling. Journal of Affective Disorders 119: 200-204. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2009.02.029 Ayers, S. & Ford E. (2014) Posttraumatic stress during pregnancy and the postpartum period, in Oxford Handbook of Perinatal Psychology, A. Wenzel and S.

    Ayers, S., Wright, D.B., & Ford, E. (2015) title. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, Special Issue Ayers, S., Joseph S., McKenzie-McHarg K., Slade, P., & Wijma K. (2008). Posttraumatic stress disorder following childbirth: current issues and recommendations for future research. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 29(4), 240- 250. DOI:10.1080/01674820802034631 Ayers, S., McKenzie-McHarg, K., Eagle, A. (2007). Cognitive behaviour therapy for postnatal post-traumatic stress disorder: case studies. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynaecology; 28, 177-184. DOI:10.1080/01674820601142957 Frazier, P., Conlon, A., & Glaser, T. (2001). Positive and negative life changes following sexual assault. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69, 1048- 1055. DOI: 10.1037/0022-006X.69.6.1048 Frost, J., Pope, C., Liebling, R., & Murphy, D.J. (2006). Utopian Theory and the Discourse of Natural Birth. Social Theory & Health; 4(4); 299-318.

    DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.sth.8700076 Gamble, J., & Creedy, D. (2004). Content and processes of postpartum counseling after a distressing birth experience: a review. Birth;31:213-218. DOI: 10.1111/j.0730- 7659.2004.00307.x Gamble, J., Creedy, D., Moyle, W., Webster, J., McAllister, M., & Dickson, P. (2005).

    Effectiveness of a counseling intervention after a traumatic childbirth: a randomized controlled trial. Birth; 32:11-19. DOI: 10.1111/j.0730-7659.2005.00340.x Gamble, J.A., Creedy, D.K., Webster, J., & Moyle, W. (2002). A review of the literature on debriefing or non-directive counselling to prevent postpartum emotional distress. Midwifery;18:72-79. DOI: 10.1054/midw.2001.0287 Goldbort J.G. (2009). Women's lived experience of their unexpected birthing process.

    The American Journal of Maternal / Child Nursing. 34(1), 57-62.

    DOI: 10.1097/01.NMC.0000343867.95108.b3 Goodall E.K., McVittie C., & Magill M. (2009). Birth choice following primary caesarean section: mothers' perceptions of the influence of health professionals on decision making. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 27(1), 4-14.

    DOI: 10.1080/02646830801918430 Goodman, J.H., & Tyer-Viola, L. (2010). Detection, Treatment, and Referral of Perinatal Depression and Anxiety by Obstetrical Providers. Journal of Women's Health. 19(3), 477-490. DOI:10.1089/jwh.2008.1352.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark