Understanding criminal finances: policy and methodological framework

Part of book or chapter of book English OPEN
Levi, Michael ; Antonopoulos, Georgios A. ; Hall, Alexandra ; Rusev, Atanas (2015)
  • Publisher: Center for the Study of Democracy
  • Subject: HG

The report Financing of Organised Crime contributes to a better understanding of the financial aspects of organised crime. The analysis explores topics such as the sources and mechanisms for financing organised crime, settlement of payments, access to financing in critical moments, costs of business and the management of profits. Drawing on the results of the analysis, the report also suggests possible new approaches to tackling organised crime. The report has been produced with the joint efforts of the Center for the Study of Democracy, the University of Trento and Teesside University and in close collaboration with the State Agency National Security in Bulgaria, the State Police in Latvia and the French National Institute for Advanced Studies in Security and Justice.
  • References (477)
    477 references, page 1 of 48

    1.1. Demand for cocaine: consumers and trends ..........................29

    1.2. Main entry points to Europe: seizures and flows ...................31

    1.3. Market structure and key actors..............................................34

    1.4. Financing and financial management .......................................37

    2. Illicit tobacco trade in the EU: the finances of a fragmented business ..........................................47

    2.1. Estimates of the illegal tobacco trade in Europe.....................48

    2.2. Structures and key actors involved ..........................................50

    2.3. Financing and financial management .......................................52

    3. Organised VAt fraud in the EU: mixing the money flows ..........61

    3.1. Basic typology of VAT fraud ....................................................62

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