Improving individual identification of wolves (Canis lupus) using the fundamental frequency and amplitude of their howls: a new survey method

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Root-Gutteridge, H;
(2013)

Many bioacoustic studies have been able to identify individual mammals from variations in the fundamental frequency (F0) of their vocalizations. Other characteristics of vocalization which encode individuality, such as amplitude, are less frequently used because of prob... View more
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