Authority, anarchy and equity: a political ecology of social change in the Algerian Sahara

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Benessaiah, Nejm Lakani;
(2015)
  • Subject: GN

This thesis charts and theorises a general transition from authoritarian to participatory forms of governance and natural resource management, as viewed from the locale of a Saharan oasis town situated within wider temporal and spatial change processes. Ostrom’s (2014) ... View more
  • References (171)
    171 references, page 1 of 18

    1. Introduction: Anthropological research in the Algerian Sahara .....................1 1.1 General conceptual framework: social and ecological change in the ............................................................................................................................3 1.2 Rationale for the study ......................................................................................7 1.3 Introduction to systems approaches ...............................................................8 1.4 Berber governance: an introduction to Beni Isguen ..................................13 1.5 Significance of the study .................................................................................18 1.6 Thesis structure ................................................................................................19

    2. Are systems really systems? A review of systems approaches in ecological anthropology.................................................................................................................22 2.1 Combining social systems and ecosystems ..................................................22 2.1.1 Anthropology and ecological approaches ....................................................... 22 2.1.2 The rise of systems approaches......................................................................... 25 2.1.3 Non-equilibrium ecosystems.............................................................................. 28 2.1.4 Socio-ecological systems..................................................................................... 32 2.1.5 Adaptive management theory............................................................................ 42 2.2 Conclusion ..........................................................................................................51

    3. Methodology: Conducting ethnography in Beni Isguen .................................53 3.1. Aims and objectives .........................................................................................54 3.2 Justification for Beni Isguen oasis as field site...........................................57 3.3 Limitations of the study and ethical considerations..................................70 3.4 The fieldwork approach...................................................................................74 3.4.1 Methods used and data collected ...................................................................... 75 3.5 Data management .............................................................................................83 3.6 Data analyses .....................................................................................................84 3.7 Conclusion ..........................................................................................................91

    5. Agricultural praxis in Beni Isguen today......................................................... 146 5.1 Walled gardens and collective irrigation.................................................. 148 5.2 Adaptive responses or cultural preferences?............................................ 152 5.3 Negotiating inequality .................................................................................. 167 6. Misunderstanding migrants: Coping with unstable labour relations ........ 182 6.0 Preamble: From Gift Economy to Market Economy?............................ 182 6.1. Migrant wage labour: a necessary nuisance............................................. 185 6.2. Possible explanations for labour instability ............................................ 191

    Appendix I: NVivo codes......................................................................................... 354

    Appendix II: Example of questions asked on a typical farm survey............... 355

    Appendix III: Summary of resilience assessment............................................... 356 Davidson-Hunt, I.J. & Berkes, F., 2000. Environment and Society through the Lens of Resilience: Towards a Human-in-Ecosystem Perspective. In International Association for the Study of Common Property Conference, Indiana. Available at: http://dlc.dlib.indiana.edu/dlc/handle/10535/2019 [Accessed June 23, 2015].

    Davidson-Hunt, I.J., Berkes, F., Berkes, F., Colding, J. & Folke, C., 2003. Nature and society through the lens of resilience: toward a human-in-ecosystem perspective. In Navigating Social-Ecological Systems: Building Resilience for Complexity and Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 53 82.

    Davis, J., 1987. Libyan Politics: Tribe and Revolution, an account of the Zuwaya and Their Government. Berkley: University of California Press.

    Davoudi, S., Shaw, K., Haider, L.J., Quinlan, A.E., Peterson, G.D., Wilkinson, C., Fünfgeld, H., McEvoy, D., Porter, L. & Davoudi, S., 2012. Resilience: A Bridgi Planning Theory and Practice Interacting Traps: Resilience Assessment of a Pasture Management System in Northern Afghanistan Urban Resilience: What Does it Mean in Planning Practice? Resilience as a Useful Concept for Climate Change Adaptation? The Politics of Resilience for Planning: A Cautionary Note. Planning Theory & Practice, 13(2), pp.299 333.

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