publication . Article . 2011

American philanthropy and cultural diplomacy in the inter-war years

Rietzler, Katharina;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Feb 2011 Journal: Historical Research, volume 84, pages 148-164 (issn: 0950-3471, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
The absence of formal state structures for the conduct of cultural relations until 1938 has led to the assumption that Americans abandoned a noble tradition of liberal cultural exchange in the Cold War, when state and private organizations co-operated in a propaganda battle against the Soviet Union. This article re-examines the realities of American cultural diplomacy in inter-war Europe by focusing on a group of key actors: philanthropic foundations founded by the Rockefeller and the Carnegie families. Far from being apolitical, foundations operated with the tacit approval of the state and reliably furthered American interests abroad but their non-governmental ...
Subjects
free text keywords: Cultural Studies, Sociology and Political Science, History, Cultural relations, Liberalism, Cultural exchange, Sociology, Cold war, Public administration, Diplomacy, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Battle, Law, E0740, E151
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