Estimating the critical duration for temporal summation of standard achromatic perimetric stimuli

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Mulholland, Padraig J. ; Redmond, Tony ; Garway-Heath, David F. ; Zlatkova, Margarita B. ; Anderson, Roger S. (2015)
  • Publisher: Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-15304
  • Subject: RE
    mesheuropmc: genetic structures

Purpose: To estimate the critical duration of temporal summation for achromatic Goldmann III stimuli under the conditions of standard automated perimetry (SAP) and quantify response variability for short duration stimuli. Methods: Contrast thresholds were gathered using the method of constant stimuli for seven circular (0.48° diameter) incremental stimuli of varying duration (sum-of-frames equivalent: 8.3-198.3 msec), at an eccentricity of 8.8° along the four principal meridians of the visual field in two healthy, psychophysically experienced observers. Stimuli were presented on a high-resolution CRT display with a background luminance of 10 cd/m2. Psychometric functions were fitted using a probit model and non-parametric local linear analysis. The critical duration was estimated using iterative two-phase regression analysis, the results also being compared with values produced using previously published methods of analysis. Results: The median critical duration estimated using iterative two-phase regression analysis was 27.7 msec (IQR 22.5-29.8). A slight steepening of the psychometric function slope (lower variability) was observed for longer stimulus durations, using both probit and local-linear analysis techniques, but this was not statistically significant. Conclusions: Critical duration estimates in this study are substantially shorter than those previously reported for a Goldmann III stimulus under the conditions of SAP. Further work is required to firmly establish the relationship between measurement variability and the degree of local temporal and spatial summation.
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