Background: Monitoring of hand hygiene compliance (HHC) by observation has been used in healthcare for more than a decade to provide assurance of infection control practice. The validity of this information is rarely tested. \ud \ud Aim: To examine the process and valid... View more
1. Pittet D, Hugonnet S, Harbarth S, Mourouga P, Sauvan V, Touveneau S et al. Effectiveness of a hospital-wide programme to improve compliance with hand hygiene. Infection Control Programme. Lancet. 2000;356:1307-12. Erratum in: Lancet 2000;356:2196.
2. Albert RK, Condie F. Hand-washing patterns in medical intensive-care units. N Engl J Med 1981; 304:1465-1466.
3. Tibballs J. Teaching hospital medical staff to handwash. Med J Austral. 1996;164:395- 398.
4. Hugonnet S, Perneger TV, Pittet D. Alcohol-based handrub improves compliance with hand hygiene in intensive care units. Arch Intern Med. 2002;162:1037-43.
5. Lam BC, Lee J, Lau YL. Hand hygiene practices in a neonatal intensive care unit: a multimodal intervention and impact on nosocomial infection. Pediatrics 2004;114: e565 -e571 doi: 10.1542/peds.2004-1107
6. Cromer AL, Latham SC, Bryant KG, Hutsell S, Gansauer L, Bendyk HA, et al. Monitoring and feedback of hand hygiene compliance and the impact on facility-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Am J Infect Control. 2008;36:672-7.
7. Aboumatar H, Ristaino P, Davis RO, Thompson CB, Maragakis L, Cosgrove S, et al. Infection prevention promotion program based on the PRECEDE model: improving hand hygiene behaviors among healthcare personnel. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2012; 33:144-51.
8. Gould, D. J, Moralejo, D, Drey, N. Chudleigh, J. H. (2011). Interventions to improve hand hygiene compliance in patient care. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews(8), doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD005186.pub3
9. World Health Organization. WHO guidelines for hand hygiene in health care. 2009 World Health Organization; Geneva, Switzerland
10. Boyce JM, Pittet D. Guideline for hand hygiene in health-care settings Recommendations of the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee and the HICPAC/SHEA/APIC/IDSA Hand Hygiene Task Force. Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America/Association for Professionals in Infection Control/Infectious Diseases Society of America. MMWR Morb MortalWkly Rep 2002;51:1-45. 11.National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence Prevention and control of healthcareassociated infections NICE public health guidance PH36: November 2011