publication . Article . 2007

Consistent and contrasting decadal Arctic sea ice thickness predictions from a highly optimized sea ice model

Miller, Paul A.; Laxon, Seymour W.; Feltham, Daniel L.;
Open Access
  • Published: 18 Jul 2007 Journal: Journal of Geophysical Research, volume 112 (issn: 0148-0227, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
  • Country: United Kingdom
[1] Decadal hindcast simulations of Arctic Ocean sea ice thickness made by a modern dynamic-thermodynamic sea ice model and forced independently by both the ERA-40 and NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data sets are compared for the first time. Using comprehensive data sets of observations made between 1979 and 2001 of sea ice thickness, draft, extent, and speeds, we find that it is possible to tune model parameters to give satisfactory agreement with observed data, thereby highlighting the skill of modern sea ice models, though the parameter values chosen differ according to the model forcing used. We find a consistent decreasing trend in Arctic Ocean sea ice thickness sinc...
free text keywords: Sea ice thickness, Geology, Arctic geoengineering, Arctic ice pack, geography.geographical_feature_category, geography, Cryosphere, Arctic sea ice decline, Sea ice concentration, Geophysics, Climatology, Drift ice, Atmospheric sciences, Sea ice
43 references, page 1 of 3

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (2004), Arctic Climate Impact Assessment: Scientific Report, 144 pp., Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.

Bitz, C. M., and W. H. Lipscomb (1999), An energy-conserving thermodynamic sea ice model for climate study, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 15,669 - 15,677. [OpenAIRE]

Bromwich, D. H., and R. L. Fogt (2004), Strong trends in the skill of the ERA-40 and NCEP-NCAR reanalyses in the high and midlatitudes of the Southern Hemisphere, 1958 - 2001, J. Clim., 17(23), 4603 - 4619. [OpenAIRE]

Bromwich, D. H., and S.-H. Wang (2005), Evaluation of the NCEP-NCAR and ECMWF 15- and 40-Yr reanalyses using rawinsonde data from two independent Arctic field experiments, Mon. Weather Rev., 133, 3562 - 3578. [OpenAIRE]

Cavalieri, D. J., C. L. Parkinson, P. Gloersen, and H. J. Zwally (2002), Sea ice concentrations from Nimbus-7 SMMR and DMSP SSM/I passive microwave data [CD-ROM], Natl. Snow and Ice Data Cent., Boulder, Colo.

Comiso, J. C. (2002), A rapidly declining perennial sea ice cover in the Arctic, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(20), 1956, doi:10.1029/2002GL015650. [OpenAIRE]

Curry, J. A., J. L. Schramm, A. Alam, R. Reeder, T. E. Arbetter, and P. Guest (2002), Evaluation of data sets used to force sea ice models in the Arctic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 107(C10), 8027, doi:10.1029/2000JC000466.

Flato, G. M. (1995), Spatial and temporal variability of Arctic ice thickness, Ann. Glaciol., 21, 323 - 329.

Fowler, C. (2003), Polar Pathfinder daily 25km EASE-grid sea ice motion vectors,, Natl. Snow and Ice Data Cent., Boulder, Colo.

Hibler, W. D., III (1979), A dynamic-thermodynamic sea ice model, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 9, 815 - 846.

Hibler, W. D., III, and K. Bryan (1984), Ocean circulation: Its effects on seasonal sea-ice simulations, Science, 224, 489 - 492. [OpenAIRE]

Hilmer, M., and P. Lemke (2000), On the decrease of Arctic sea ice volume, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 3751 - 3754. [OpenAIRE]

Hunke, E. C., and J. K. Dukowicz (1997), An elastic-viscous-plastic model for sea ice dynamics, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 1849 - 1867. [OpenAIRE]

Hunke, E. C., and J. K. Dukowicz (2002), The elastic-viscous-plastic sea ice dynamics model in generalized orthogonal curvilinear coordinates on a sphere-Incorporation of metric terms, Mon. Weather Rev., 130, 1848 - 1865. [OpenAIRE]

Hunke, E. C., and W. H. Lipscomb (2001), CICE: The Los Alamos Sea Ice Model, documentation and software user's manual, version 3, LACC-98- 16, Los Alamos Natl. Lab., Los Alamos, N. M. (Available at http://

43 references, page 1 of 3
Powered by OpenAIRE Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue