Housing & quality of life implications of the three qualities of housing in Amman, Jordan
Al Betawi, Yamen
Housing is one of the key issues that normally forefront the scene when considering challenges of urbanisation and urban growth. It is a fundamental aspect of human life and a major factor in delivering healthy and attractive communities as it serves to define the life space of individuals. Increasing interest is now shown towards the study of how people think of their housing and how it affects their lives. Therefore, measuring the housing quality has become an important tool to assess the efficiency of housing provision and the extent to which people are satisfied with it.\ud \ud This research is about examining housing quality and exploring the set of aspects through which it influences people’s quality of life (QOL). It stems out of a general concern about the state of life in cities and the general factors that shape and outline such life. It starts from some apparent observations regarding the socio-economic transformations accompanied with urban growth and development taking place in Amman, capital of Jordan, and the alterations that are soundly reforming the profile of housing provision in the city. Such alterations are seen to be adjoined with implications and challenges that are strongly influencing the state of housing sector and the overall state of life that people are living in the city. \ud \ud The research aims to critically investigate housing quality and the impact it has on QOL experienced by residents in Amman. In doing so, it employs an integrated conception of housing quality that poses three types of qualities: quality of provision, quality of context and quality of dwelling, and explored the implications of each of these qualities, in order to provide an overarching understanding of the influences of housing on QOL. Such understanding implies identifying the most influential aspects within each of the three types of qualities, and interpreting the impact of these aspects on QOL, taking into consideration the impact of the socio-demographic and housing provision factors. The research adopted a mixture of quantitative and qualitative methods to collecting and analysing data in order to achieve a deep understanding of the influence of housing quality in QOL. \ud \ud Results revealed a variation in the extent and nature of influence posed by the different housing quality components and a disparity in the response of households towards these components attributed to the differences in the socio-demographic and housing acquiring factors. It is argued that the perception of good QOL can be strongly derived from good housing quality and the set of material, social and psychological benefits obtained from it. It is suggested that the current housing provision system in Amman is in need of a reappraisal, in order to come out with a responsive housing provision scheme that provides more flexibility, equity, diversity and capability to choose among different community groups, which can help archiving better QOL.
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