Jojoba: An assessment of prospects
Walters, P. R.
Spensley, P. C.
- Publisher: Tropical Products Institute (TPI)
This report examines in detail the sperm oil and animal and vegetable wax markets in an attempt to establish market price and volume parameters for jojoba oil and wax. These market analyses suggest that at £900 to £950 per tonne jojoba wax could compete in the wax markets and might obtain a share of the market of between 2,000 and 5,000 tonnes. At £500 to £600 per tonne jojoba oil could compete with sperm oil which at present has a market of below 20,000 tonnes, although this will probably have been eroded to a substantial extent by synthetics by the time jojoba oil is available in quantities of this order. In particular, in this latter market jojoba oil might be used by the leather, lubricants and pharmaceutical industries. If, for illustrative purposes, a 25,000 tonne market were to be secured and a future yield of 2.5 tonnes per hectare of oil obtained, a cultivated area of 10,000 hectares of jojoba would suffice. This is a very small area in global terms and it seems, therefore, that jojoba is unlikely to provide more than a minor new source of income for a few developing countries. Jojoba must be considered as one of a number of possible plant introductions to arid zones and the need is to direct attention to research priorities which aim at overcoming limitations in the cultivation of the crop. If research proves that jojoba can be cultivated satisfactorily it would be reasonable to organize trial plots in selected developing countries to obtain more basic agronomic information on how the plant reacts in different environments. Only when these trials have proved successful and realistic yield data obtained, will the necessary information·be available to enable the economic potential for the introduction of jojoba to developing countries to be examined fully.
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