Spatial compatibility interference effects: a double dissociation between two measures

Article English OPEN
Kirkham, Alexander J. ; Tipper, Steven P. (2015)
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • Journal: Visual Cognition, volume 23, issue 8, pages 1,043-1,060 (issn: 1350-6285)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1080/13506285.2015.1110653, pmc: PMC4743617
  • Subject: Simon effect | Spatial compatibility | double-dissociation | Original Articles | Article | spatial interference | EMG

ABSTRACT In spatial compatibility tasks, when the spatial location of a stimulus is irrelevant it nevertheless interferes when a response is required in a different spatial location. For example, response with a left key-press is slowed when the stimulus is presented to the right as compared to the left side of a computer screen. However, in some conditions this interference effect is not detected in reaction time (RT) measures. It is typically assumed that the lack of effect means the irrelevant spatial code was not analysed or that the information rapidly decayed before response. However, we show that even in conditions where there appears to be no spatial interference when measuring RTs, effects can nevertheless be detected after response when recording facial electromyography responses. This dissociation between two measures highlights the importance of diverging methods to investigate visuomotor processes as conclusions based on only one measure can be misleading.
  • References (21)
    21 references, page 1 of 3

    Heller, A. S., Lapate, R. C., Mayer, K., & Davidson, R. J. (2014). The face of negative affect: Trial-by-trial corrugator responses to negative pictures are positively associated with amygdala and negatively associated with ventromedial prefrontal cortex activity. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26, 2102-2110.

    Holland, P. C., & Gallagher, M. (2004). Amygdala-frontal interactions & reward expectancy. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 14, 148-155.

    Hommel, B. (1993). The relationship between stimulus processing and response selection in the Simon task: Evidence for a temporal overlap. Psychological Research, 55, 280-290.

    Hommel, B. (1994). Spontaneous decay of response-code activation. Psychological Research, 56, 261-268.

    Kahneman, D., & Henik, A. (1981). Perceptual organization and attention. In M. Kubovy & J. R. Pomerantz (Eds.), Perceptual organization (pp. 181-211). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

    Lang, P. J., Greenwald, M. K., Bradley, M. M., & Hamm, A. O. (1993). Looking at pictures: Affective, facial, visceral, and behavioral reactions. Psychophysiology, 30, 261-273.

    Larsen, J. T., Norris, C. J., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2003). Effects of positive and negative affect on electromyographic activity over zygomaticus major and corrugator supercilii. Psychophysiology, 40, 776-785.

    Leuthold, H., & Sommer, W. (1993). Stimulus presentation rate dissociates sequential effects in event-related potentials and reaction times. Psychophysiology, 30, 510-517.

    O'Doherty, J. P. (2004). Reward representations & reward related learning in the human brain: Insights from neuroimaging. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 14, 769-776.

    Otte, E., Habel, U., Schulte-RĂ¼ther, M., Konrad, K., & Koch, I. (2011). Interference in simultaneously perceiving and producing facial expressions - Evidence from Electromyography. Neuropsychologia, 49, 124-130.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark