The Storm-Gods of the Ancient Near East: Summary, Synthesis, Recent Studies. Part I

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Schwemer, Daniel;
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In many regions of the ancient Near East, not least in Upper Mesopotamia, Syria and Anatolia where agriculture relied mainly on rainfall, storm-gods ranked among the most prominent gods in the local panthea or were even regarded as divine kings, ruling over the gods and... View more
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    7. The Anatolian Storm-Gods Taru and Tar¢un(t) 7.1 Names and Strands of Tradition 7.2 Position in the Pantheon 7.3 Modus Operandi in Mythology and Ritual 8. The Victory of the Storm-God over the Sea 9. Further Gods with Storm-God Characteristics 9.1 The North-Babylonian and Assyrian Storm-God Wèr 9.2 The Babylonian God of the Western Lands Mardu-Amurru 9.3 The Anatolian Vegetation- and Storm-God Telipinu 10. A Few Remarks on Iconography Appendix: Selected Additions and Corrections to Schwemer, Wettergottgestalten

    25 See Wettergottgestalten, 166-168; note that J. Klein's article on the filiation of Nanna referred to p. 168 fn. 1188 has now been published as “The Genealogy of Nanna-Suen and its Historical Background”, in: Historiography in the Cuneiform World (CRRAI 45), ed. T. Abusch e.a., Bethesda 2001, 279-301.

    26 See Wettergottgestalten, 170-171, 408 fn. 3418 with references.

    27 Wettergottgestalten, 168-170, cf. also M.W. Green, Eridu in Sumerian Literature, Diss. Chicago 1975, 91, and, for SEM 117, K. Hecker, Untersuchungen zur akkadischen Epik, AOATS 8, Kevelaer-Neukirchen-Vluyn 1974, 38, 113, 118.

    63 The inclusion of Is¢ara in this group does not provide sufficient reason to characterise the whole group as a circle of Syrian gods (contra W. Sallaberger, “Pantheon”, RlA 10 [2004] 306).

    64 For the text see Wettergottgestalten, 78-86; ibid., 73-78, 86-92 for other relevant texts.

    65 It should be noted, however, that Medimsa as consort of Iskur-Adad is not attested before the Old Babylonian period either. Since the goddess herself is already mentioned in texts of the Fàra period this may be due to chance. For Medimsa see Wettergottgestalten, 170-172; cf. also W.G. Lambert, “Sumerian Gods: Combining the Evidence of Texts and Art”, in: Sumerian Gods and Their Representations, ed. I.L. Finkel-M.J. Geller, CM 7, Groningen 1997, 6-7.

    70 A good photograph of the tablet (AO 6448+,) is reproduced in SAA 8, 182f. (for an edition see E.F. Weidner, Gestirn-Darstellungen auf babylonischen Tontafeln, SÖAW 254/2, Wien 1967). For the association of Adad with Corvus see Wettergottgestalten, 605 fn. 4892, 688f.

    71 For Adad as god of divination and his association with Samas within this and other contexts see Wettergottgestalten, 221-226, 284, 683-686.

    72 See Wettergottgestalten, 427-428, cf. now also P. Michalowski, “The Scribe(s) of MDAI 57 Susa Omens?”, NABU 2006/41.

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