The time course of implicit affective picture processing: an eye movement study

Article English OPEN
McSorley, Eugene ; van Reekum, Carien M. (2013)

Consistent with a negativity bias account, neuroscientific and behavioral evidence demonstrates modulation of even early sensory processes by unpleasant, potentially threat-relevant information. The aim of this research is to assess the extent to which pleasant and unpleasant visual stimuli presented extrafoveally capture attention and impact eye movement control. We report an experiment examining deviations in saccade metrics in the presence of emotional image distractors that are close to a nonemotional target. We additionally manipulate the saccade latency to test when the emotional distractor has its biggest impact on oculomotor control. The results demonstrate that saccade landing position was pulled toward unpleasant distractors, and that this pull was due to the quick saccade responses. Overall, these findings support a negativity bias account of early attentional control and call for the need to consider the time course of motivated attention when affect is implicit
  • References (16)
    16 references, page 1 of 2

    Alpers, G. W. (2008). Eye-catching: Right hemisphere attentional bias for emotional pictures. Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain and Cognition, 13, 158 - 178.

    Brosch, T., Sander, D., Pourtois, G., & Scherer, K. R. (2008). Beyond fear. Psychological Science, 19(4), 362.

    Cacioppo, J.T., Gardner, W.L., & Berntson, G.G. (1999). The affect system has parallel and integrative processing components: Form follows function. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76, 839-855.

    Calvo, M., & Lang, P. (2004). Gaze patterns when looking at emotional pictures: Motivationally biased attention. Motivation and Emotion, 28(3), 221-243.

    Feng C, Wang L, Liu C, Zhu X, Dai R, et al. (2012). The time course of the influence of valence and arousal on the implicit processing of affective pictures. PLoS ONE 7(1): e29668. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029668

    Frijda, N. H. (1986). The emotions. London: Cambridge University Press.

    Kissler, J., & Keil, A. (2008). Look-don't look! How emotional pictures affect proand anti-saccades. Experimental Brain Research, 188(2), 215-222. doi:10.1007/s00221-008-1358-0

    McSorley, E., Cruickshank, A., & Inman, L. (2009). The development of the spatial extent of oculomotor inhibition. Brain Research, 1298, 92-98.

    McSorley, E., Haggard, P., & Walker, R. (2006). Time course of oculomotor inhibition revealed by saccade trajectory modulation. Journal of Neurophysiology, 96(3), 1420-1424. doi:10.1152/jn.00315.2006

    Nummenmaa, L., Hyönä, J., & Calvo, M. G. (2006). Eye movement assessment of selective attentional capture by emotional pictures. Emotion, 6(2), 257-268. doi:10.1037/1528-3542.6.2.257

  • Metrics
    views in OpenAIRE
    views in local repository
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    Central Archive at the University of Reading - IRUS-UK 0 57
Share - Bookmark