Implementing selective digestive tract decontamination in the intensive care unit: A qualitative analysis of nurse-identified considerations

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Marshall, A. P. ; Weisbrodt, L. ; Rose, L. ; Duncan, E. M. ; Prior, M. E. ; Todd, L. ; Wells, E. C. ; Seppelt, I. ; Cuthbertson, B. H. ; Francis, J. (2014)

Objective: To describe factors senior critical care nurses identify as being important to address when introducing selective digestive tract decontamination (SDD) in the clinical setting.\ud \ud Background: Critically ill patients are at risk of developing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). SDD is one strategy shown to prevent VAP and possibly improve survival in the critically ill.\ud \ud Methods: We performed a secondary analysis of qualitative data obtained from 20 interviews. An inductive thematic analysis approach was applied to data obtained from senior critical care nurses during phase two of a multi-methods study.\ud \ud Results: There were four primary considerations identified that should be addressed or considered prior to implementation of SDD. These considerations included education of health care professionals, patient comfort, compatibility of SDD with existing practices, and cost.\ud \ud Conclusions: Despite a lack of experience with, or knowledge of SDD, nurses were able to articulate factors that may influence its implementation and delivery. Organizations or researchers considering implementation of SDD should include nurses as key members of the implementation team.
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