publication . Article . Other literature type . 2006

The inverse conjunction fallacy

Martin L. Jönsson; James A. Hampton;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Oct 2006
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
If people believe that some property is true of all members of a class such as sofas, then they should also believe that the same property is true of all members of a conjunctively defined subset of that class such as uncomfortable handmade sofas. A series of experiments demonstrated a failure to observe this constraint, leading to what is termed the inverse conjunction fallacy. Not only did people often express a belief in the more general statement but not in the more specific, but also when they accepted both beliefs, they were inclined to give greater confidence to the more general. It is argued that this effect underlies a number of other demonstrations of ...
Subjects
free text keywords: BF, Linguistics and Language, Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Artificial Intelligence, Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology, Language and Linguistics, Cognitive psychology, Epistemology, Conjunction fallacy, Categorization, Phenomenon, Concept learning, Logical reasoning, Fallacy, Psychology, Cognitive bias, Cognition
Related Organizations

(p.327-360) Cambridge, MIT Press. Jönsson, M.L. & Hampton, J.A. (2005). Effects of noun modification on the plausibility of

Society, Vancouver, November. Keefe, R. & Smith, P. (1997). Theories of vagueness. In R.Keefe & P. Smith (Eds.),

Vagueness: A Reader (pp. 1-57). Cambridge: MIT Press. Krifka, M., Pelletier, F.J., Carlson, G.N., ter Meulen, A., Link, G., & Chierchia, G. (1995).

Book (pp 1-124). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Lagnado, D.A., Sloman, S.A. (2004). Inside and Outside Probability Judgment. In

Making, pp. 157-176. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing. Lewis, D. (1986) On the Plurality of Worlds. Oxford: Blackwells. López, A., Atran, S., Coley, J.D., Medin, D.L., & Smith, E.E. (1997). The tree of life:

Psychology, 32, 251-295. Murphy, G.L. (1988). Comprehending complex concepts. Cognitive Science, 12, 529-562. Murphy, G.L. (2002) The Big Book of Concepts. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Osherson, D.N., Smith, E.E., Wilkie, O., López, A., & Shafir, E. (1990). Category-based

induction. Psychological Review, 97, 185-200.. Rips, L.J. (1995). The current status of research on concept combination. Mind and

Language, 10, 72-104. Rips, L.J. (2001). Necessity and natural categories. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 827-852. Russell, B. (1905). On denoting. Mind, 14, 479-493. [OpenAIRE]

Powered by OpenAIRE Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue