Creating an acute energy deficit without stimulating compensatory increases in appetite: is there an optimal exercise protocol?

Article English OPEN
Deighton, K ; Stensel, DJ (2014)

Recent years have witnessed significant interest from both the scientific community and the media regarding the influence of exercise on subsequent appetite and energy intake responses. This review demonstrates a consensus among the majority of scientific investigations that an acute bout of land-based endurance exercise does not stimulate any compensatory increases in appetite and energy intake on the day of exercise. Alternatively, preliminary evidence suggests that low volume, supramaximal exercise may stimulate an increase in appetite perceptions during the subsequent hours. In accordance with the apparent insensitivity of energy intake to exercise in the short term, the daily energy balance response to exercise appears to be primarily determined by the energy cost of exercise. This finding supports the conclusions of recent training studies that the energy expenditure of exercise is the strongest predictor of fat loss during an exercise programme.
  • References (55)
    55 references, page 1 of 6

    11. King JA, Wasse LK, Ewens J et al. (2011) Differential acylated ghrelin, peptide YY3-36, appetite, and food intake responses to equivalent energy deficits created by exercise and food restriction. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 96, 1114-21.

    12. Broom DR, Stensel DJ, Bishop NC et al. (2007) Exercise-induced suppression of acylated ghrelin in humans. J Appl Physiol 102, 2165-71.

    13. Burns SF, Broom DR, Miyashita M et al. (2007) A single session of treadmill running has no effect on plasma total ghrelin concentrations. J Sports Sci 25, 635-42.

    14. King JA, Miyashita M, Wasse LK et al. (2010) Influence of prolonged treadmill running on appetite, energy intake and circulating concentrations of acylated ghrelin. Appetite 54, 492-8.

    15. Becker GF, Macedo RCO, Cunha GDS et al. (2012) Combined effects of aerobic exercise and high-carbohydrate meal on plasma acylated ghrelin and levels of hunger. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 37, 184-92.

    16. Cheng MH-Y, Bushnell D, Cannon DT et al. (2009) Appetite regulation via exercise prior or subsequent to high-fat meal consumption. Appetite 52, 193-8.

    17. Evero N, Hackett LC, Clark RD et al. (2012) Aerobic exercise reduces neuronal responses in food reward brain regions. J Appl Physiol 112, 1612-9.

    18. Laan DJ, Leidy HJ, Lim E et al. (2010) Effects and reproducibility of aerobic and resistance exercise on appetite and energy intake in young, physically active adults. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 35, 842-7.

    19. Martins C, Morgan LM, Bloom SR et al. (2007) Effects of exercise on gut peptides, energy intake and appetite. J Endocrinol 193, 251-8.

    20. Thompson DA, Wolfe LA, Eikelboom R (1988) Acute effects of exercise intensity on appetite in young men. Med Sci Sports Exerc 20, 222-7.

  • Metrics
    0
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    86
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    Leeds Beckett University Repository - IRUS-UK 0 86
Share - Bookmark