Guidewire tracking in x-ray videos of endovascular interventions

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Unal, G.B. ; Slabaugh, G.G. (2008)

We present a novel method to track a guidewire in cardiac xray video. Using variational calculus, we derive differential equations that deform a spline, subject to intrinsic and extrinsic forces, so that it matches the image data, remains smooth, and preserves an a priori length. We analytically derive these equations from first principles, and show how they include tangential terms, which we include in our model. To address the poor contrast often observed in x-ray video, we propose using phase congruency as an image-based feature. Experimental results demonstrate the success of the method in tracking guidewires in low contrast x-ray video.
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