Methyl-E-4-methoxycinnamate (E-MMC) is a model chromophore of the commonly used commercial sunscreen agent, 2- ethylhexyl-E-4-methoxycinnamate (E-EHMC). In an effort to garner a molecular-level understanding of the photoprotection mechanisms in operation with E-EHMC, we... View more
molecular complexity) to understand the photoprotection path- 16 S. Smolarek, A. Vdovin, D. L. Perrier, J. P. Smit, M. Drabbels ways of sunscreen agents in general, and E-EHMC's behaviour in and W. J. Buma, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2010, 132, 6315.
particular. 17 N. D. N. Rodrigues, M. Staniforth, J. D. Young, Y. Peperstraete, N. C. Cole-Filipiak, J. R. Gord, P. S. Walsh, D. M. Hewett, T. S. Zwier and V. G. Stavros, Faraday Discuss., 2016, DOI: Acknowledgements 10.1039/C6FD00079G. 18 M. de Groot, E. V. Gromov, H. Ko¨ppel and W. J. Buma, Y. P. thanks the Ecole Normale Sup´erieure (ENS) de Cachan and J. Phys. Chem. B, 2008, 112, 4427.
French state for financing his studies. M. S. and N. D. N. R. thank 19 D. Shimada, R. Kusaka, Y. Inokuchi, M. Ehara and T. Ebata, the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 8999.
for postdoctoral and doctoral funding respectively. L. A. B. and 20 M. D. Horbury, L. A. Baker, W. D. Quan, S. E. Greenough W. D. Q. thank the EPSRC for providing studentships under grant and V. G. Stavros, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, 18, 17691.
EP/F500378/1, through the Molecular Organisation and Assembly 21 M. Staniforth and V. G. Stavros, Proc. Math. Phys. Eng. Sci., in Cells Doctoral Training Centre. N. C. C. F. thanks the Lever- 2013, 469, 20130458.
hulme Trust for postdoctoral funding. V. G. S. thanks the EPSRC 22 E. M. M. Tan, M. Hilbers and W. J. Buma, J. Phys. Chem.
for an equipment grant (EP/J007153) and the Royal Society for a Lett., 2014, 5, 2464.
University Research Fellowship. The authors thank Drs Jamie 23 R. M. Hochstrasser, Acc. Chem. Res., 1968, 1, 266.
Young and Michael Horbury (University of Warwick) for their 24 Y. Miyazaki, Y. Inokuchi, N. Akai and T. Ebata, J. Phys.
technical assistance and for helpful comments when preparing Chem. Lett., 2015, 6, 1134.