Bombers and bystanders in suicide attacks in Israel, 2000 to 2003

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Harrison, Mark (2006)

The paper analyses the results of interaction between suicide operatives and\ud bystanders in the course of 103 suicide attacks in Israel over a recent threeyear\ud period. It shows that bystanders’ intervention tended to reduce the\ud casualties arising by numbers that were both statistically and practically\ud significant. When bystanders intervened, however, this was often at the cost of\ud their own lives. The value of a challenge was particularly large for suicide\ud missions associated with Hamas, but Hamas operations were also less likely to\ud meet a challenge in the first place. These findings, while preliminary, may\ud have implications for counter-terrorism. More systematic collection of\ud statistical data relating to suicide incidents would be of benefit.
  • References (7)

    Table 1. Suicide Attacks, November 2000 to November 2003: Observed

    103 1 Robert A. Pape, “The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism,” American

    Political Science Review, 97:3 (2003), p. 346.

    16 Moghadam, “Palestinian Suicide Terrorism.”

    17 Bueno de Mesquita, “Quality of Terror.” 19 According to Merari, “Readiness to Kill,” Hezbollah established the

    basic procedures for organising suicide attacks in Lebanon in the 1980s 20 “Rational Martyrs vs Hard Targets: Evidence on the Tactical Use of

    Suicide Attacks” (UCSD and Stanford University, working paper, 2003):

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