Knowledge how, ability, and the type-token distinction
This paper examines the relationship between knowing how to G and the ability to G, which is typically presented in one of the following ways: (a) knowing how to G entails the ability to G; (b) knowing how to G does not entail the ability to G. In an attempt to reconcile these two putatively opposing positions, I distinguish between type and token actions. I t is my contention that S can know how to G in the absence of an ability to G token, where this action is derived from an action-type, but not in the absence of the ability to perform the action-type itself (G type). This refinement is an attempt to reconcile differences between intellectualism and anti-intellectualism (broadly construed) with regard to knowledge how and ability.
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