Fittingness : The Sole Normative Primitive

Article English OPEN
Chappell, Richard Yetter (2012)

This paper draws on the ‘Fitting Attitudes’ analysis of value to argue that we should take the concept of fittingness (rather than value) as our normative primitive. I will argue that the fittingness framework enhances the clarity and expressive power of our normative theorising. Along the way, we will see how the fittingness framework illuminates our understanding of various moral theories, and why it casts doubt on the Global Consequentialist idea that acts and (say) eye colours are normatively on a par. We will see why even consequentialists, in taking rightness to be in some sense determined by goodness, should not think that rightness is conceptually reducible to goodness. Finally, I will use the fittingness framework to explicate the distinction between consequentialist and deontological theories, with particular attention to the contentious case of Rule Consequentialism.
  • References (12)
    12 references, page 1 of 2

    Adams, Robert Merrihew. 1976. “Motive utilitarianism.” Journal of Philosophy 73:467-481.

    Brentano, Franz Clemens. 1902. The Origin of the Knowledge of Right and Wrong. Westminster, A. Constable & co, ltd. Translation of Vom Ursprung sittlicher Erkenntnis. English translation by Cecil Hague.

    Darwall, Stephen. 2006. “How Should Ethics Relate to (the Rest of) Philosophy? Moore's Legacy.” In Terry Horgan and Mark Timmons (eds.), Metaethics after Moore. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Dreier, James (ed.). 2006. Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

    Hooker, Brad. 2000. Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Hooker, Brad, Mason, Elinor, and Miller, Dale (eds.). 2000. Morality, Rules, and Consequences. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

    Pettit, Philip and Smith, Michael. 2000. “Global Consequentialism.” In Hooker et al. (2000).

    Portmore, Douglas W. 2007. “Consequentializing moral theories.” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 88:39-73.

    Rabinowicz, Wlodek and Rønnow-Rasmussen, Toni. 2004. “The strike of the demon: On fitting pro-attitudes and value.” Ethics 114:391-423.

    Railton, Peter. 1984. “Alienation, consequentialism, and the demands of morality.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 13:134-171.

  • Metrics
    views in OpenAIRE
    views in local repository
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    White Rose Research Online - IRUS-UK 0 20
Share - Bookmark