Dying to talk: exploring dying and death

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Read, SC ; Wiese, MY ; Stancliffe, RJ ; Jeltes, G ; Clayton, JM (2016)

Aims: The aim of the study was to examine attentional bias towards positive and negative images amongst men with intellectual disabilities, some of whom had a history of criminal offending. A secondary aim was to explore the relationship between attentional bias, empathy and distorted cognitions. \ud Method: Forty-six men with intellectual disabilities with a history of criminal offending and 51 men with intellectual disabilities without any known history of criminal offending were recruited and invited to complete a dot-probe paradigm using images, as well as measures of distorted cognitions and empathy. Comparisons were made between the two groups. \ud Results: Non-offenders had a significant attentional bias away from negative images, while offenders had a small attentional bias towards negative images. There was a significant positive relationship between distorted cognitions and an attentional bias towards negative images. There was a significant negative relationship between empathy and an attentional bias towards negative images.
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