publication . Other literature type . Article . 2015

Elite male Flat jockeys display lower bone density and lower resting metabolic rate than their female counterparts: Implications for athlete-welfare

Wilson, G; Hill, J; Sale, C; Morton, JP; Close, GL;
  • Published: 01 Dec 2015
  • Publisher: Canadian Science Publishing
  • Country: Italy
Abstract
<jats:p> To test the hypothesis that daily weight-making is more problematic to health in male compared with female jockeys, we compared the bone density and resting metabolic rate (RMR) in weight-matched male and female Flat jockeys. RMR (kcal·kg<jats:sup>−1</jats:sup> lean mass) was lower in males compared with females as well as lower bone-density Z scores at the hip and lumbar spine. Data suggest the lifestyle of male jockeys compromise health more severely than females, possibly because of making weight more frequently. </jats:p>
Subjects
free text keywords: Nutrition and Dietetics, Physiology (medical), Physiology, Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, General Medicine, Life style, Athletes, biology.organism_classification, biology, Endocrinology, medicine.medical_specialty, medicine, Physical fitness, business.industry, business, Welfare, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Lumbar vertebrae, medicine.anatomical_structure, Bone density, Internal medicine, Lean body mass, Basal metabolic rate
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