Under one roof? A population-based survey of patient use and preference for sexual health services

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Gray, D. ; Mercer, C. ; Graham, A. ; Salisbury, C. ; The One-Stop Shop Project Team (2009)

Aim: To compare patterns of population service use and preference in areas with and without one-stop shop services. \ud Background: A number of strategy documents have\ud recommended adopting a more integrated approach to sexual health service provision.One proposed model of integration is one-stop shops, where services for contraception\ud and sexually transmitted infections are provided under the same roof. Currently, the potential impact of one-stop shop services on patient service use and preference is unclear, particularly at a population level. \ud Method: Three different models of one-stop shop were studied: a dedicated young persons’ service, a specialist mainstream service,and an enhanced general practice. In each model, the one-stop shop site was matched to two control sites with traditional service provision. Random samples of male and female patients were selected from general practices close to either the one-stop shop or control sites. These patients received a postal survey asking about their use or preference for services for six sexual health needs. One-stop shop and control samples were compared using multivariate logistic regression. \ud Findings: Of the 14 387 patients surveyed, 3101 (21.6%) responded. In the young persons’ model, few significant differences were found in service use or preference between those living in one-stop shop and control site areas.\ud In the specialist servicesmodel, women in the one-stop shop area were significantly more likely to cite specialist services for emergency contraception and abortion advice, when compared to those served by non-integrated control services. In the general practice model, respondents in the one-stop shop area were significantly more likely to cite\ud general practice for all six sexual health needs. Overall, general practice was the preferred service provider cited for all sexual health needs, except condoms and pregnancy tests.These findings are discussed in terms of their implications for the provision of integrated\ud sexual health services. In addition, key methodological issues and future research possibilities are identified.
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