publication . Article . 2013

Variability of the North Atlantic summer storm track: mechanisms and impacts on European climate

Dong, B; Sutton, RT; Woollings, T; Hodges, K;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Sep 2013 Journal: Environmental Research Letters, volume 8, page 34,037 (eissn: 1748-9326, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: IOP Publishing
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
The summertime variability of the extratropical storm track over the Atlantic sector and its links to European climate have been analysed for the period 1948-2011 using observations and reanalyses. The main results are as follows. (1) The dominant mode of the summer storm track density variability is characterized by a meridional shift of the storm track between two distinct paths and is related to a bimodal distribution in the climatology for this region. It is also closely related to the Summer North Atlantic Oscillation (SNAO). (2) A southward shift is associated with a downstream extension of the storm track and a decrease in blocking frequency over the UK a...
Subjects
free text keywords: Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, General Environmental Science, Extratropical cyclone, Atmospheric sciences, Zonal and meridional, Storm track, Atlantic multidecadal oscillation, Climatology, Precipitation, Economics, Atmosphere, North Atlantic oscillation
Related Organizations
35 references, page 1 of 3

Alexander L V and Jones P D 2000 Updated precipitation series for the UK and discussion of recent extremes Atmos. Sci. Lett. 1 142-50

Allan R J and Ansell T J 2006 A new globally complete monthly historical mean sea level pressure data set (HadSLP2): 1850-2004 J. Clim. 19 5816-42

Allan R P and Zveryaev I I 2011 Variability in the summer season hydrological cycle over the Atlantic-Europe region 1979-2007 Int. J. Climatol. 31 337-48 [OpenAIRE]

Blackburn M, Methven J and Roberts N 2008 Large-scale context for the UK floods in summer 2007 Weather 63 280-8

Blade´ I, Liebmann B, Fortuny D and van Oldenborgh G J 2012 Observed and simulated impacts of the summer NAO in Europe: implications for projected drying in the Mediterranean region Clim. Dyn. 39 709-27

Chang E K M, Lee S and Swanson K L 2002 Storm track dynamics J. Clim. 15 2163-83

Davini P, Cagnazzo C, Neale R and Tribbia J 2012 Coupling between Greenland blocking and the North Atlantic Oscillation pattern Geophys. Res. Lett. 39 L14701 [OpenAIRE]

Dong B-W, Sutton R T and Woollings T 2013 The extreme European summer 2012 Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 94 (9) S28-32

Folland C K, Knight J, Linderholm H W, Fereday D, Ineson S and Hurrell J W 2009 The summer North Atlantic Oscillation: past, present, and future J. Clim. 22 1082-103

Goldenberg S B, Landsea C W, Mestas-Nunez A M and Gray W M 2001 The recent increase in Atlantic hurricane activity: causes and implications Science 293 474-9

Haylock M R, Hofstra N, Klein Tank A M G, Klok E J, Jones P D and New M 2008 A European daily high-resolution gridded dataset of surface temperature and precipitation J. Geophys. Res. 113 D20119

Hodges K I 1994 A general method for tracking analysis and its application to meteorological data Mon. Weather Rev. 122 2573-86

Hodges K I 1996 Spherical nonparametric estimators applied to the UGAMP model integration for AMIP Mon. Weather Rev. 124 2914-32

Hodges K I, Lee R W and Bengtsson L 2011 A comparison of extratropical cyclones in recent reanalyses ERA-Interim, NASA MERRA, NCEP CFSR, and JRA-25 J. Clim. 24 4888-906

Hoskins B J and Hodges K I 2002 New perspectives on the Northern Hemisphere winter storm tracks J. Atmos. Sci. 59 1041-61

35 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
The summertime variability of the extratropical storm track over the Atlantic sector and its links to European climate have been analysed for the period 1948-2011 using observations and reanalyses. The main results are as follows. (1) The dominant mode of the summer storm track density variability is characterized by a meridional shift of the storm track between two distinct paths and is related to a bimodal distribution in the climatology for this region. It is also closely related to the Summer North Atlantic Oscillation (SNAO). (2) A southward shift is associated with a downstream extension of the storm track and a decrease in blocking frequency over the UK a...
Subjects
free text keywords: Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, General Environmental Science, Extratropical cyclone, Atmospheric sciences, Zonal and meridional, Storm track, Atlantic multidecadal oscillation, Climatology, Precipitation, Economics, Atmosphere, North Atlantic oscillation
Related Organizations
35 references, page 1 of 3

Alexander L V and Jones P D 2000 Updated precipitation series for the UK and discussion of recent extremes Atmos. Sci. Lett. 1 142-50

Allan R J and Ansell T J 2006 A new globally complete monthly historical mean sea level pressure data set (HadSLP2): 1850-2004 J. Clim. 19 5816-42

Allan R P and Zveryaev I I 2011 Variability in the summer season hydrological cycle over the Atlantic-Europe region 1979-2007 Int. J. Climatol. 31 337-48 [OpenAIRE]

Blackburn M, Methven J and Roberts N 2008 Large-scale context for the UK floods in summer 2007 Weather 63 280-8

Blade´ I, Liebmann B, Fortuny D and van Oldenborgh G J 2012 Observed and simulated impacts of the summer NAO in Europe: implications for projected drying in the Mediterranean region Clim. Dyn. 39 709-27

Chang E K M, Lee S and Swanson K L 2002 Storm track dynamics J. Clim. 15 2163-83

Davini P, Cagnazzo C, Neale R and Tribbia J 2012 Coupling between Greenland blocking and the North Atlantic Oscillation pattern Geophys. Res. Lett. 39 L14701 [OpenAIRE]

Dong B-W, Sutton R T and Woollings T 2013 The extreme European summer 2012 Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 94 (9) S28-32

Folland C K, Knight J, Linderholm H W, Fereday D, Ineson S and Hurrell J W 2009 The summer North Atlantic Oscillation: past, present, and future J. Clim. 22 1082-103

Goldenberg S B, Landsea C W, Mestas-Nunez A M and Gray W M 2001 The recent increase in Atlantic hurricane activity: causes and implications Science 293 474-9

Haylock M R, Hofstra N, Klein Tank A M G, Klok E J, Jones P D and New M 2008 A European daily high-resolution gridded dataset of surface temperature and precipitation J. Geophys. Res. 113 D20119

Hodges K I 1994 A general method for tracking analysis and its application to meteorological data Mon. Weather Rev. 122 2573-86

Hodges K I 1996 Spherical nonparametric estimators applied to the UGAMP model integration for AMIP Mon. Weather Rev. 124 2914-32

Hodges K I, Lee R W and Bengtsson L 2011 A comparison of extratropical cyclones in recent reanalyses ERA-Interim, NASA MERRA, NCEP CFSR, and JRA-25 J. Clim. 24 4888-906

Hoskins B J and Hodges K I 2002 New perspectives on the Northern Hemisphere winter storm tracks J. Atmos. Sci. 59 1041-61

35 references, page 1 of 3
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publication . Article . 2013

Variability of the North Atlantic summer storm track: mechanisms and impacts on European climate

Dong, B; Sutton, RT; Woollings, T; Hodges, K;