Against Conceptualism: Islamic Law, Democracy, and Constitutionalism in the Aftermath of the Arab Spring
Subject: 4000 | 8090 | 8500
This article examines the debate over the constitutionalization of shari’a in post-authoritarian Arab regimes. A shari’a clause would empower judges to review the validity of legislation on the basis of Islamic law. Thus, it raises for the first time the potential count... View more
19 See, e.g., ELIZABETH SUZANNE KASSAB, CONTEMPORARY ARAB THOUGHT: CULTURAL CRITIQUE IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE (2009).
20 See, e.g., Bruce K. Rutherford, What Do Egypt's Islamists Want? Moderate Islam and the Rise of Islamic Constitutionalism, 60 MIDDLE EAST J. 707 (2006); Kristen Stilt, “Islam is the Solution”: Constitutional Visions of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, 46 TEX. INT'L L.J. 73 (2011).
21 See, e.g., Ran Hirschl, Constitutional Courts vs. Religious Fundamentalism: Three Middle Eastern Tales, 82 TEX. L. REV. 1819 (2004).
22 See, e.g., Rabb, supra note 2, at 535-36 (discussing the 2005 Iraqi Constitution).
23 See, e.g., Rutherford, supra note 20 (discussing some of these and other scholars as well as the Muslim Brotherhood); Clark B. Lombardi & Nathan J. Brown, Do Constitutions Requiring Adherence to Shari'a Threaten Human Rights? How Egypt's Constitutional Court Reconciles Islamic Law with the Liberal Rule of Law, 21 AM. U. INT'L L. REV. 379 (2006); MUHAMMAD ABED AL-JABRI, DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS AND LAW IN ISLAMIC THOUGHT (2009); NOAH FELDMAN, THE FALL AND RISE OF THE ISLAMIC STATE (2008); Mohammad H. Fadel, Public Reason as a Strategy for Principled Reconciliation: The Case of Islamic Law and International Human Rights, 8 CHI. J. INT'L L. 1 (2008).
24 See Al-Qardawi Yujeeb 'Ala As'aelat al-Mushahedeen [Qaradawi Answers the Viewers Questions], AL-JAZEERA (Apr. 8, 2012), http://www.aljazeera.net/programs/ pages/a6daa716-5111-4508-8ad4-087715373ae2 (Qatar) (interview with Yusuf AlQardawi and transcript); see also Rutherford, supra note 20, at 730.
25 Rachid Al-Ghannouchi, Secularism in the Arab Maghrib, in ISLAM AND SECULARISM IN THE MIDDLE EAST 97, 106 (Azzam Tamimi & John L. Esposito eds., 2000).
26 Rutheford, supra note 20, at 712-19. These attempts at reconciliation are by no means limited to Sunni scholars. Iranian Shiite scholars such as Abdolkarim Soroush made similar arguments. See Rabb, supra note 2, at 559-61 (summarizing his views).
27 See, e.g., KHALED ABOU EL FADL, SPEAKING IN GOD'S NAME: ISLAMIC LAW, AUTHORITY, AND WOMEN x (2001) (criticizing the “misuse and misrepresentations” of the Islamic tradition).
28 See generally KHALED ABOU EL FADL ET AL., THE PLACE OF TOLERANCE IN ISLAM (2002); RACHEL M. SCOTT, THE CHALLENGE OF POLITICAL ISLAM: NONMUSLIMS AND THE EGYPTIAN STATE (2010).