Architecture in tension: an examination of the position of the architect in the private and public sectors, focusing on the training and careers of Sir Basil Spence (1907-1976) and Sir Donald Gibson (1908-1991)

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Walford, Sarah Helen;
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In the early 1900s tensions began to appear within the architectural profession,\ud as private practitioners struggled to deal with the implications of professional\ud colleagues moving into public sector employment. Sir Basil Spence and Sir\ud Donald Gibson began their... View more
  • References (25)
    25 references, page 1 of 3

    1.2. AASTA's Relationship with the Royal Institute of British Architects……………………..........……………............................16 2.1. Basil Urwin Spence: Formative years, training and early Career………………………………………..………………............36 2.1a. Bombay, 1907-1919………………………………………....36 2.1b. Edinburgh, 1919-1931……………………………………....42 2.1c. Early career, 1931-1939……………………………….……61 2.2a. Scotland and Manchester, 1908-1932…………………….73 2.2b. Early career, 1931-1939…………………………………….89

    3.1. 'A Precursor of things to come': The Hilary Haworth Nursery School, Lache, Chester, 1935……….......………..........97 3.1a. The Changing Face of Education………………………………….98 3.1b. The Hilary Haworth Nursery………….........................……….…103 3.1d The Realised Design..................................................................108 3.1e. The Significance of the Building…………………………………..111 3.2. Spence and The Empire Exhibition, Bellahouston Park, Glasgow, 1938 ……………………………………………….........116 4. 4.2. Coventry City Architect's Department, 1939…………….......….133 4.3. AASTA: Political Engagement and Policy on Reconstruction…142 'Propaganda Exhibition for a Civic Survey, and Town

    Exhibition, May 1940…….........................................................150 4.5. City and Cathedral: Planning and Reconstruction……………...164 5.1. A Change in the Public/Private Relationship……………......…..188 6.1. Spence: Sunbury-on-Thames Schemes, 1945-1952………......210 6.2. Gibson: Stonebridge Highway Scheme, Coventry, 1946….…..219 7.1. Prelude to the Building Programme…………………….........…..231 7.2. A New School Architecture………………….………...........…….234 7.3. Spence: Sydenham Girls' Comprehensive School, Dartmouth Road, Sydenham, London, 1956………......…….....247

    7.3a. Development of the Design…………………………….………….248 7.3b. Project Completion……………………………………………...….254 7.4. Gibson: From Coventry to CLASP: The development of a building system……………………………......................…..261 Presidency of the RIBA……………………………………………....….281 8.1. Basil Spence PRIBA........................…………………………...…284 8.1a. The Gathering Crisis: Prelude to Spence's Presidency………..284 8.1b. Spence's Presidency, 1958-1960…………………………………294 8.1c. An Assessment of Spence's Presidency……………………...…330 8.2. Donald Gibson PRIBA………………………………....................334 8.2a From Local Government to Central Government 1958-1964..................................................................................335 8.2b Gibson's Presidency 1964-1965................................................339 8.3. Post-presidency.........................................................................353 The RIBA and the Salaried Sector in the 1970s...............................356 Conclusion..........................................................................................359

    Figure 1. Portrait of Basil Spence, c.1950. (RCAHMS SC1027537)

    Figure 2. Donald Gibson, c.1945. (CHC PA2503/2)

    Figure 3. British Embassy, Rome, 1962. (RCAHMS DP010913)

    Figure 4. Basil Spence, Southern Motors Garage, Causewayside, Edinburgh, 1933-4. (RCAHMS DP004289)

    Figure 5. Spence, student esquisse: 'Entrance to a Great Shipping Company'. (RCAHMS DP011890)

    Figure 6. 'Lismhor': House for Dr King, Easter Belmont Road, Edinburgh. (RCAHMS SC684059)

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