Diagnostic metagenomics: potential applications to bacterial, viral and parasitic infections
PALLEN, M. J.
- Publisher: Cambridge University Press
(issn: 0031-1820, eissn: 1469-8161)
Special Issue Article | metagenomics | QH | diagnosis | high-throughput sequencing
SUMMARY The term ‘shotgun metagenomics’ is applied to the direct sequencing of DNA extracted from a sample without culture or target-specific amplification or capture. In diagnostic metagenomics, this approach is applied to clinical samples in the hope of detecting and characterizing pathogens. Here, I provide a conceptual overview, before reviewing several recent promising proof-of-principle applications of metagenomics in virus discovery, analysis of outbreaks and detection of pathogens in contemporary and historical samples. I also evaluate future prospects for diagnostic metagenomics in the light of relentless improvements in sequencing technologies.