Past Tense in Children with Focal Brain Lesions

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Konstantinopoulou, P. ; Stavrakaki, S. ; Manouilidou, C. ; Zafeiriou, D. (2013)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Journal: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, volume 94, pages 196-197 (issn: 1877-0428)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.09.096
  • Subject: csis

In this study, 22 children with early left hemisphere (LHD) or right hemisphere (RHD) focal brain lesions (FL, n ¼ 14 LHD,\ud n ¼ 8 RHD) were administered an English past tense elicitation test (M ¼ 6:5 years). Proportion correct and frequency of overregularization\ud and zero-marking errors were compared to age-matched samples of children with specific language impairment (SLI,\ud n ¼ 27) and with typical language development (TD, n ¼ 27). Similar rates of correct production and error patterns were observed\ud for the children with TD and FL; whereas, children with SLI produced more zero-marking errors than either their FL or TD peers.\ud Performance was predicted by vocabulary level (PPVT-R) for children in all groups, and errors did not differ as a function of lesion\ud side (LHD vs. RHD). Findings are discussed in terms of the nature of brain–language relations and how those relationships develop\ud over the course of language learning.
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