Althusser's structuralism and a theory of class
Stewart, Alasdair B.R.
Structural Marxism avoids many of the reductionist tendencies within Marxism. However, its lack of a theory of class means that it can be viewed as a form of ‘mechanism’. A reinterpretation of structural Marxism and Sartre in light of a subject/object dialectic creates a synthesis of the two. The synthesis shows how structural Marxism gives classes their form but does not completely determine their function. Sartre's work provides a better understanding of function. Finally, the synthesi also managed to overcome problems within Poulantzas's theory of class at the state level, which was based on an incorrect assumption that there is a direct link between economic and political actors.