Individuals at risk of metabolic syndrome are more likely to use a variety of dietary supplements

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Rajadurai, Akilen ; Tsiami, Amalia A. ; Robinson, Nicola (2014)

Background\ud \ud It has been suggested that users of dietary supplements are likely to be people who are more health conscious. It is therefore conceivable that developing a metabolic disorder, such as diabetes, insulin resistance or hypertension, may make an individual more receptive to dietary supplement use. The aim of this study was to determine whether individuals with self-reported features of metabolic syndrome (FeMS) were more likely to use different dietary supplements compared with individuals without self-reported FeMS.\ud \ud Method\ud \ud In this cross sectional survey a total of 300 individuals working or studying in a UK university were invited to participate in the study. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data on demographics, health status, use of dietary supplements and lifestyle.\ud \ud Results\ud \ud A total o the 210 individuals completing the questionnaire, 32% (n = 66) were currently using or had used dietary supplements in the past 12 months. The five most common dietary supplements used were; multi vitamins (38%), fish oils (35%), calcium (26%), different herbal supplements (24%) and omega 3 oils (24%). Individuals with FeMS (defined as at least 1 self reported condition of; diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidaemia or obesity), (n = 54; 28%) were more likely (P < 0.05) to use different types of dietary supplements and less likely to report or discuss the use of dietary supplements with their general practitioner (P = 0.043) than those without FeMS.\ud \ud Discussion\ud \ud FeMS may be an independent predictor of dietary supplement use. Dietary supplement use is more common in older individuals and those with higher educational status.
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