Wasting lives: The effects of toxic waste exposure on health The case of Campania, Southern Italy

Article English OPEN
Barba, M ; Mazza, A ; Guerriero, C ; di Maio, M ; Romeo, F ; Maranta, P ; Marino, IR ; Paggi, MG ; Giordano, A ; Dum E, VP (2011)

Three decades of illegal practices of waste dumping and consequent environmental abuse have made the Campania Region, Southern Italy, a unique case in the context of waste-related health outcomes. Scientific evidence is mounting in support of a significant increase in cancer mortality and malformation occurrence in specific areas of the Campania Region, where improper waste management and illegal waste trafficking have been repeatedly documented. However, the currently available evidence suffers from limitations mainly due to study design, lack of consideration of confounders and quality of the exposure data. Recent economic studies have shown the economic benefits of reclaiming toxic waste sites in Campania. Future perspectives include the adoption of different study designs, use of biomarkers and a molecular approach. Current knowledge, both scientific and economic, might be of help in orienting the short and long term governmental policy on waste related health outcomes at a regional level.
  • References (31)
    31 references, page 1 of 4

    Guerriero C, Cairn J. The potential monetary benefits of reclaiming hazardous waste sites in the Campania region: an economic evaluation. Environ Health 2009.

    2009; 8:28. PMID: 19552811.

    16. Trinca S, Comba P, Felli A, Forte T, Musmeci L, Piccardi A. Chilhood mortality in an area of southern Italy with numerous dumping grounds: application of GIS and preliminary findings. In: First European Conference Geographic Information Sciences in Public Health Sheffield, UK, 2001.

    17. Agenzia Regionale per la Protezione dell'Ambiente C-IA. Valutazione delle pressioni ambientali legate allo smaltimento illegale di rifiuti. Napoli: ARPA Campania; 2003.

    30. Matson CW, Palatnikov G, McDonald TJ, Autenrieth Dearwent SM, Moiz Mumtaz M, Godfrey G, Sinks RL, Donnelly KC, Anderson TA, et al. Patterns of AT,caFdalSkcHi2.0H06ea;l1th07e6ff:e4c3t©9s-o4f8h.aPzMard2IDou:1s7w10a1s9te2.2A3.nn 1N1Y18. LlSaiennkieodrntoK,waMdsteazczraisisA. e.LaIsntacleiatnOn“BcTorlia2n0g0le4; ioo5f:52d5esa-2th7”.cieggeennootmnoixciciintysctaabnildietycionntt.hameminaarnsth ferxopgoss(uRrea:naevriiddiebnucnedoa)f PMID:15384216. of Sumgayit, Azerbaijan. Environ Toxicol Chem 2005; 24:2055-64. PMID:16152979.

    27. Reimann C, Arnoldussen A, Boyd R, Finne TE, Nordgulen O, Volden T, et al. The influence of a city on element contents of a terrestrial moss (Hylocomium splendens). Sci Total Environ 2006; 369:419-32. PMID:16780928.

    Depledge M. Genotypic toxicity: implications for individuals and populations. Environ Health Perspect 1994; 102(Suppl 12):101-4. PMID:7713024.

    32. Tice RR, Agurell E, Anderson D, Burlinson B, Hartmann A, Kobayashi H, et al. Single cell gel/comet assay: guidelines for in vitro and in vivo genetic toxicology testing. Environ Mol Mutagen 2000; 35:206-21. PMID:10737956.

    33. Bianchi F, Mitis F, Linzalone N, Pierini A, Scarano Gioacchino. Gruppo di Lavoro Impatto Sanitario del Ciclo dei Rifiuti in Campania Trattamento dei rifiuti in Campania: impatto sulla salute umana. Studio pilota. Malformazioni congenite nelle province di Napoli e Caserta (1996-2002): analisi descrittiva e struttura spaziale del rischio. Roma; 2006.

    34. Alberini A, Šcasný M, Guignet D, Tonin S. The benefits of contaminated sites clean up revisited: the case of Naples and Caserta, Italy. FEEM Working Paper No. 86.2010. 2010; 1-29.

  • Metrics
    0
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    81
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    LSHTM Research Online - IRUS-UK 0 81
Share - Bookmark