How are Bayesian models really used? Reply to Frank (2013)

Article English OPEN
Endress, A. (2014)

In response to the proposal that cognitive phenomena might be best understood in terms of cognitive theories (Endress, 2013), Frank (2013) outlined an important research program, suggesting that Bayesian models should be used as rigorous, mathematically attractive implementations of psychological theories. This research program is important and promising. However, I show that it is not followed in practice. I then turn to Frank's defense of the assumption that learners prefer more specific rules (the "size principle"), and show that the results allegedly supporting this assumption do not provide any support for it. Further, I demonstrate that, in contrast to Frank's criticisms, there is no circularity in an account of rule-learning based on "common-sense psychology", and that Frank's other criticisms of this account are unsupported. I conclude that the research program outlined by Frank is important and promising, but needs to be followed in practice. Be that as it might, the rule-learning experiments discussed by Frank are still better explained by simple psychological mechanisms.
  • References (18)
    18 references, page 1 of 2

    Endress, A. D.(2013). Bayesian learning and the psychology of rule induction. Cognition, 127 (2), 159{176.

    Endress, A. D., Dehaene-Lambertz, G., & Mehler, J. (2007). Perceptual constraints and the learnability of simple grammars. Cognition, 105 (3), 577{614.

    Endress, A. D., & Mehler, J.(2009). Primitive computations in speech processing. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 62 (11), 2187{2209.

    Endress, A. D., Nespor, M., & Mehler, J. (2009). Perceptual and memory constraints on language acquisition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13 (8), 348{353.

    Endress, A. D., Scholl, B. J., & Mehler, J. (2005). The role of salience in the extraction of algebraic rules. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General, 134 (3), 406-19.

    Frank, M. C. (2013). Throwing out the bayesian baby with the optimal bathwater: Response to. Cognition, 128 (3), 417{423.

    Frank, M. C., & Tenenbaum, J. B. (2011). Three ideal observer models for rule learning in simple languages. Cognition, 120 (3), 360{371.

    Gerken, L. (2010). Infants use rational decision criteria for choosing among models of their input. Cognition, 115 (2), 362-6.

    Gomez, R. L. (2002). Variability and detection of invariant structure. Psychological Science, 13 (5), 431-6.

    Hyams, N. (1986). Language acquisition and the theory of parameters. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.

  • Similar Research Results (2)
  • Metrics
    0
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    21
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    City Research Online - IRUS-UK 0 21
Share - Bookmark