Barriers to evidence-based disaster management in Nepal: a qualitative study
Objectives: Globally, the incidence of natural disasters is increasing with developing\ud countries tending to be worst affected. Implementing best practices in disaster management\ud that are evidence-based is essential in order to improve disaster resilience and\ud response. This study explores the barriers to evidence-based disaster management\ud encountered in Nepal.\ud Study design: A qualitative study was conducted in Nepal involving interviews with key\ud informants in the disaster management field.\ud Methods: Government officials, academics, programme managers, disaster management\ud practitioners and policymakers involved in disaster management were purposively\ud sampled and invited to interview. 11 agreed to participate and were interviewed. The faceto-face\ud interviews were recorded, transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis.\ud Results: The interviews uncovered population-level barriers such as contextual factors (e.g.\ud poverty), local custom and culture, as well as community-level issues (e.g. level of\ud engagement and understanding). System-level barriers included limited demand for,\ud availability and accessibility of the evidence-base. The implementation of evidence was\ud influenced by the configuration of the disaster management system and system processes.\ud Political ownership and leadership is an essential determinant of practice.\ud Conclusions: Several barriers to evidence-based practice in disaster management exist in\ud Nepal. The relative influence of the different barriers varies with political determinants\ud likely to have greater importance in countries such as Nepal where system governance and\ud leadership is insufficiently developed. These issues affect a country's vulnerability to disasters\ud and need to be addressed.