Does the well-being of individuals with Down syndrome and dementia improve when using life story books and rummage boxes? A randomised single case series experiment

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Crook, N. ; Adams, M. ; Shorten, N. ; Langdon, Peter E. (2015)

Background: This study investigated whether a personalised life story book and rummage box enhanced well-being and led to changes in behaviour for people with Down syndrome (DS) who have dementia. \ud \ud Materials & Methods: A randomised single-case series design was used with five participants who had Down syndrome and a diagnosis of dementia. Participants were invited to take part in three conditions at random a) life story book, b) rummage box and c) no intervention condition. \ud \ud Results: The two reminiscence conditions were significantly associated with enhanced well-being as compared to the no-intervention condition. However, for one participant, the life story book was associated with significantly higher well-being, while for another participant, the rummage box was associated with significantly higher well-being, suggesting some participants may prefer one method over another. \ud \ud Conclusions: Personalised life story books and rummage boxes are associated with higher levels of well-being for people with DS and dementia.
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