publication . Article . 2015

Climatology, storm morphologies, and environments of tornadoes in the British Isles: 1980–2012

Kelsey J. Mulder; David M. Schultz;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jun 2015
  • Publisher: American Meteorological Society
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
Abstract A climatology is developed for tornadoes during 1980–2012 in the British Isles, defined in this article as England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland, Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man. The climatology includes parent storm type, interannual variability, annual and diurnal cycles, intensities, occurrence of outbreaks (defined as three or more tornadoes in the same day), geographic distribution, and environmental conditions derived from proximity soundings of tornadoes. Tornado reports are from the Tornado and Storm Research Organization (TORRO). Over the 33 years, there were a mean of 34.3 tornadoes and 19.5 tornado days (number ...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: Atmospheric Science, Geographic distribution, Satellite tornado, Tornado, Northern ireland, Supercell, Tornado climatology, Geography, Climatology, Storm, Tornado watch
Related Organizations
40 references, page 1 of 3

Bolton, N., D. M. Elsom, and G. T. Meaden, 2003: Forecasting tornadoes in the United Kingdom. Atmos. Res., 67-68, 53-72, doi:10.1016/S0169-8095(03)00083-8.

Brooks, H. E., 2009: Proximity soundings for severe convection for Europe and the United States from reanalysis data. Atmos. Res., 93, 546-553, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2008.10.005.

--, and C. A. Doswell III, 2001: Some aspects of the international climatology of tornadoes by damage classification. Atmos. Res., 56, 191-201, doi:10.1016/S0169-8095(00)00098-3.

--, --, and M. P. Kay, 2003a: Climatological estimates of local daily tornado probability for the United States. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 626-640, doi:10.1175/1520-0434(2003)018,0626: CEOLDT.2.0.CO;2.

--, J. W. Lee, and J. P. Craven, 2003b: The spatial distribution of severe thunderstorm and tornado environments from global reanalysis data. Atmos. Res., 67-68, 73-94, doi:10.1016/ S0169-8095(03)00045-0.

Clark, M. R., 2012: Doppler radar observations of non-occluding, cyclic vortex genesis within a long-lived tornadic storm over southern England. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 138, 439-454, doi:10.1002/qj.924.

--, 2013: A provisional climatology of cool-season convective lines in the UK. Atmos. Res., 123, 180-186, doi:10.1016/ j.atmosres.2012.09.018.

Craven, J. P., and H. E. Brooks, 2004: Baseline climatology of sounding derived parameters associated with deep moist convection. Natl. Wea. Dig., 28, 13-24.

Davies, J. M., 2004: Estimations of CIN and LFC associated with tornadic and nontornadic supercells. Wea. Forecasting, 19, 714-726, doi:10.1175/1520-0434(2004)019,0714:EOCALA.2.0.CO;2.

Dixon, P. G., A. E. Mercer, J. Choi, and J. S. Allen, 2011: Tornado risk analysis: Is Dixie Alley an extension of Tornado Alley? Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 92, 433-441, doi:10.1175/ 2010BAMS3102.1.

Doswell, C. A., III, 1991: Comments on ''Mesoscale convective patterns of the southern high plains.'' Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 72, 389-390.

--, and E. N. Rasmussen, 1994: The effect of neglecting the virtual temperature correction on CAPE calculations. Wea. Forecasting, 9, 625-629, doi:10.1175/1520-0434(1994)009,0625: TEONTV.2.0.CO;2.

Elsom, D. M., 1985: Tornadoes in Britain: Where, when and how often. J. Meteor. (UK), 10, 203-211.

--, and G. T. Meaden, 1984: Spatial and temporal distributions of tornadoes in the United Kingdom 1960-1982. Weather, 39, 317-323, doi:10.1002/j.1477-8696.1984.tb06727.x.

--, --, D. J. Reynolds, M. W. Rowe, and J. D. C. Webb, 2001: Advances in tornado and storm research in the United Kingdom and Europe: The role of the Tornado and Storm Research Organisation. Atmos. Res., 56, 19-29, doi:10.1016/ S0169-8095(00)00084-3.

40 references, page 1 of 3
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue