1. Mary Wollstonecraft, Vindication of the Rights of Woman, 1792, in Janet Todd and Marilyn Butler, eds., The Works of Mary Wollstonecraft (7 vols, London, 1989), v. 114. Hereafter abbreviated in the body of the essay as Works and identified by volume number.
2. William Hazlitt, 'The Fight', in William Hazlitt, The Fight and Other Writings, ed. Tom Paulin and David Chandler (London, 2000), 140-56; 149. Hereafter identified in parentheses in the body of the essay by page number.
3. The phrase is Duncan Wu's, William Hazlitt: The First Modern Man (Oxford, 2008), 51.
4. Jeffrey N. Cox, 'Keats in the Cockney School', Romanticism, 2.1 (1996), 27-39; 33.
5. Ibid., 36.
6. Nicholas Roe graphically describes scenes that the young Keats would have witnessed during his work at Guy's in his biography of the poet, John Keats: A New Life (New Haven and London, 2012). He notes that: 'As dresser, Keats would have had to participate in operations, witnessing harrowing scenes at the operating table and being required to put right any damage inflicted', 91.
7. Ibid., 285.
8. The Journal of Thomas Moore, ed. Wilfred S. Dowden (7 vols, Newark, 1983), i. 96-7.
9. See Jonathan Bate, John Clare. A Biography (London, 2005), 437. Bate notes that in the spring of 1840 the poet was preoccupied by thoughts of sex and boxing, two obsessions which he united in a 'cryptic fragment linking the name of Byron to Springfield, the house where Dr Allen's [the keeper of the asylum] female patients lived: