'It’s difficult for a white judge to understand': Orientalism, Racialisation, and Christianity in English child welfare cases

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Jivraj, Suhraiya ; Herman, Didi (2009)
  • Publisher: Jordan Publishing Ltd
  • Subject: K
  • References (65)
    65 references, page 1 of 7

    1 Re S (Change of Names: Cultural Factors) [2001] 3 FCR 648, Wilson J.

    2 For critiques of secularism as a concept, see T. Asad, Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity (Stanford University Press, 2003) and H. De Vries, Introduction in H. De Vries and L. Sullivan (eds), Political Theologies (Fordham University Press, 2006), J.R. Jakobsen and A. Pellegrini (eds), Secularisms (Duke University Press, 2008), and H. De Vries, Religion, Beyond a Concept (Fordham University Press, 2008).

    4 A. Bradney, Religion, Rights and Laws (Leicester University Press, 1993); R. Ahdar, 'Indigenous Spiritual Concerns and the Secular State: Some New Zealand Developments' (2003) 23 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 611; R. Adhar, 'Religion as a factor in custody and access disputes' (1996) 10 International Journal of Law, Policy, and the Family 177-204; R. Ahdar and I. Leigh, Religious Freedom in the Liberal State (Oxford University Press, 2005); S. Poulter, Ethnicity, Law and Human Rights (Oxford University Press, 1999).

    5 See J. Eekelaar, 'Children between cultures' (2004) 18 International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family 178; M. Freeman, 'Whose life is it anyway?' (2001) 9 Medical Law Review 259; P. Hayes, 'Giving due consideration to ethnicity in adoption placements - a principled approach' (2003) 15(3) CFLQ 255; R. Jones and W. Gnanapala, Ethnic Minorities in English Law (Trentham Books, 2000); Y. Ronen, 'Redefining the child's right to identity' (2004) International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family 147-177; S. Van Praagh, 'Faith, Belonging, and the Protection of Our Children' (1999) XVII Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice 154-203.

    6 I. Gaber and J. Aldridge (eds), In the Best Interests of the Child: Culture, Identity and Transracial Adoption (Free Association Press, 1994); E. Griffith and I. Silverman, 'Transracial adoption and the continuing debate over the racial identity of families' in H. Harris, H. Blue and E. Griffith (eds), Racial and Ethnic Identity: Psychological Development and Creative Expression (Routledge, 1994); L. Hollingsworth, 'Adoptive dissimilarity from the adoptive family: clinical practice and research implications' (1998) 15(4) Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 3003-3019; M. Husain and S. Husain, ' Mix'n'Match' in R. Phillips and E. McWilliam (eds), After Adoption: Working with Adoptive Families (BAAF, 1996); D. Kirton, 'Race', Ethnicity and Adoption (BAAF, 1996).

    7 For example, M. Fox and J. McHale, 'In whose best interests?' (1997) 60 Modern Law Review 700-709.

    8 H. Gilbert, 'Time to reconsider the lawfulness of ritual male circumcision' (2007) European Human Rights Law Review 279-294.

    9 M. Fox and M. Thomson, 'Short changed? The law and ethics of male circumcision' (2005) 13 International Journal of Children's Rights 161-181; M. Fox and M. Thomson, 'A covenant with the status quo? Male circumcision and the new BMA guidance to doctors' (2005) 31 Journal of Medical Ethics 463-469; see also M. Thomson, Endowed: Regulating the Male Sexed Body (Routledge, 2008), especially ch 2. See also K. Green and H. Lim, 'What is this thing about female circumcision?: Legal education and human rights' (1998) 7 Social & Legal Studies 365-388. While Green and Lim's article is about female circumcision, a topic we do not address in any way here, their focus on the 'western-centred universalism', at ibid p 366, inherent in much of the anti-female circumcision discourse, is similar to how we approach understanding anti-male circumcision discourse, as we discuss further below.

    10 The quote from Brazier is from a conference paper, 'Children's Interests: Community Norms' (1997), quoted in C. Bridge, 'Religion, culture, and conviction - the medical treatment of young children' (1999) 11(1) CFLQ 1.

    11 C. Bridge, ibid.

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