Filtered cathodic vacuum Arc deposition of nano-layered composite coatings for machining hard-to-cut materials

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Volkhonskii, AO ; Blinkov, IV ; Vereshchaka, AA ; Vereshchaka, AS ; Batako, ADL

In coated tools, the grain boundaries and coating layers are areas of intense energy dissipation, which hardens the coating material by increasing its toughness and its resistance to the formation and development of cracks. An increase in the efficiency of the coatings was achieved by applying nano-dispersed multilayer composite structure. This paper proposes using nano-scale multilayer composite coating based on TiN-CrN compound to improve thermal stability, where barrier layers based on ZrNbN have been introduced. The ZrNbN barrier does not interact with TiN and CrN at temperatures around 1000 °C. The influence of process parameters of the filtered cathodic vacuum arc deposition on the composition, structure and properties of the coatings based on variation of TiAlN-ZrNbN-CrN was analysed. The results presented here show that the hardness of the developed coatings was as high as 38 GPa. Subsequently, the carbide tools used in this study with the new coatings had an increased lifetime of 1.5–2.0 times compared to tools with commercial coatings. The coated carbide tools were tested in longitudinal turning and face milling titanium and nickel alloys.
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