Aortic Calcification and Femoral Bone Density Are Independently Associated with Left Ventricular Mass in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

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Chue, Colin D. ; Wall, Nadezhda A. ; Crabtree, Nicola J. ; Zehnder, Daniel ; Moody, William E. ; Edwards, Nicola C. ; Steeds, Richard P. ; Townend, Jonathan N. ; Ferro, Charles J. (2012)
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science
  • Journal: PLoS ONE (vol: 7)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039241, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039241, pmc: PMC3377619
  • Subject: Chronic Kidney Disease | Magnetic Resonance Imaging | Research Article | Biology | Radiology | Clinical Research Design | Musculoskeletal System | Aortic Diseases | Mineral Metabolism and the Kidney | Bone | Medicine | Diagnostic Radiology | Cardiovascular | Anatomy and Physiology | Bone and Mineral Metabolism | Nephrology | RC | Biochemistry | Metabolism | Cardiovascular Imaging | Observational Studies | Hypertension

Background\ud Vascular calcification and reduced bone density are prevalent in chronic kidney disease and linked to increased cardiovascular risk. The mechanism is unknown. We assessed the relationship between vascular calcification, femoral bone density and left ventricular mass in patients with stage 3 non-diabetic chronic kidney disease in a cross-sectional observational study.\ud \ud Methodology and Principal Findings\ud A total of 120 patients were recruited (54% male, mean age 55±14 years, mean glomerular filtration rate 50±13 ml/min/1.73 m2). Abdominal aortic calcification was assessed using lateral lumbar spine radiography and was present in 48%. Mean femoral Z-score measured using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry was 0.60±1.06. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging was used to determine left ventricular mass. One patient had left ventricular hypertrophy. Subjects with aortic calcification had higher left ventricular mass compared to those without (56±16 vs. 48±12 g/m2, P = 0.002), as did patients with femoral Z-scores below zero (56±15 vs. 49±13 g/m2, P = 0.01). In univariate analysis presence of aortic calcification correlated with left ventricular mass (r = 0.32, P = 0.001); mean femoral Z-score inversely correlated with left ventricular mass (r = −0.28, P = 0.004). In a multivariate regression model that included presence of aortic calcification, mean femoral Z-score, gender and 24-hour systolic blood pressure, 46% of the variability in left ventricular mass was explained (P<0.001).\ud \ud Conclusions\ud In patients with stage 3 non-diabetic chronic kidney disease, lower mean femoral Z-score and presence of aortic calcification are independently associated with increased left ventricular mass. Further research exploring the pathophysiology that underlies these relationships is warranted.
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