Terrestrial biosphere changes over the last 120 kyr

Article, Other literature type, Unknown English OPEN
Hoogakker, B. A. A. ; Smith, R. S. ; Singarayer, J. S. ; Marchant, R. ; Prentice, I. C. ; Allen, J. R. M. ; Anderson, R. S. ; Bhagwat, S. A. ; Behling, H. ; Borisova, O. ; Bush, M. ; Correa-Metrio, A. ; de Vernal, A. ; Finch, J. M. ; Fréchette, B. ; Lozano-Garcia, S. ; Gosling, W. D. ; Granoszewski, W. ; Grimm, E. C. ; Grüger, E. ; Hanselman, J. ; Harrison, S. P. ; Hill, T. R. ; Huntley, B. ; Jiménez-Moreno, G. ; Kershaw, P. ; Ledru, M.-P. ; Magri, D. ; McKenzie, M. ; Müller, U. ... view all 41 authors (2016)
  • Publisher: European Geosciences Union (EGU)
  • Journal: (issn: 1814-9332, eissn: 1814-9332)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.5194/cp-12-51-2016
  • Subject: PRETORIA SALTPAN | C-14 YR BP | LATE-PLEISTOCENE | POLLEN-BASED RECONSTRUCTIONS | 0406 Physical Geography And Environmental Geoscience | Geology | MILLENNIAL-SCALE VARIABILITY | RAPID CLIMATE-CHANGE | Geosciences, Multidisciplinary | VEGETATION RECORDS | Terrestrial biosphere changes | Physical Sciences | ATMOSPHERIC CARBON-DIOXIDE | Science & Technology | PLANT MACROFOSSIL DATA | Paleontology | Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences | GLACIAL-MAXIMUM
    • ddc: ddc:550

© 2016 Author(s). A new global synthesis and biomization of long (> 40 kyr) pollen-data records is presented and used with simulations from the HadCM3 and FAMOUS climate models and the BIOME4 vegetation model to analyse the dynamics of the global terrestrial biosphere and carbon storage over the last glacial-interglacial cycle. Simulated biome distributions using BIOME4 driven by HadCM3 and FAMOUS at the global scale over time generally agree well with those inferred from pollen data. Global average areas of grassland and dry shrubland, desert, and tundra biomes show large-scale increases during the Last Glacial Maximum, between ca. 64 and 74 ka BP and cool substages of Marine Isotope Stage 5, at the expense of the tropical forest, warm-temperate forest, and temperate forest biomes. These changes are reflected in BIOME4 simulations of global net primary productivity, showing good agreement between the two models. Such changes are likely to affect terrestrial carbon storage, which in turn influences the stable carbon isotopic composition of seawater as terrestrial carbon is depleted in 13C.
  • References (135)
    135 references, page 1 of 14

    Allen, J. R. M., Brandt, U., Hubberten, H.-W., Huntley, B., Keller, J., Kraml, M., Mackensen, A., Mingram, J., Negenkamp, J. F. W., Nowaczyk, N. R., Oberhänsli, H., Watts, W. A., Wulf, S., and Zolitschka, B.: Rapid environmental changes in southern Europe during the last glacial period, Nature, 400, 740-743, 1999.

    Anderson, R. S.: A 35,000 year vegetation and climate history from Potato Lake, Mogollon Rim, Arizona, Quaternary Res., 40, 351- 359, 1993.

    Beer, C., Reichstein, M., Tomelleri, E., Ciais, P., Jung, M., Carvalhais, N., Rödenbeck C., Arain, M. A., Baldocchi, D., Bonan, G. B., Bondeau, A., Cescatti, A., Lasslop, G., Lindroth, A., Lomas, M., Luyssaert, S., Margolis, H., Oleson, K. W., Roupsard, O., Veenendaal, E., Viovy, N., Williams, C., Woodward, F., and Papale, D.: Terrestrial gross carbon dioxide uptake: global distribution and covariation with climate, Science, 329, 834-838, 2010.

    Beerling, D. J.: New estimates of carbon transfer to terrestrial ecosystems between the last glacial maximum and the Holocene, Terra Nova, 11, 162-167, 1999.

    Behling, H., Pillar, V., Orlóci, L., and Bauermann, S. G.: Late Quaternary Araucaria forest, grassland (Campos), fire and climate dynamics, studied by high-resolution pollen, charcoal and multivariate analysis of the Cambarára do Sul core in southern Brazil, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 203, 277-297, 2004.

    Bereiter, B., Lüthia, D., Siegrista, M., Schüpbacha, S., Stocker, T. F., and Fischer, H.: Mode change of millennial CO2 variability during the last glacial cycle associated with a bipolar marine carbon seesaw, PNAS, 109, 9755-9760, 2012.

    Berger, A.: Long-term variations of daily insolation and Quaternary climatic changes, J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 2362-2367, 1978.

    Berger, A. and Loutre, M. F.: Insolation values for the climate of the last 10 million years, Quaternary Sci. Rev., 10, 297-317, 1991.

    Beuning, K. R. M., Talbot, M., and Kelts, K.: A revised 30,000- year paleoclimatic and paleohydrologic history of Lake Albter, East Africa, Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 136, 259-279, 1997.

    Bird, M., Lloyd, J., and Farquhar, G. D.: Terrestrial carbon storage at the LGM, Nature, 371, p. 566, 1994.

  • Similar Research Results (3)
  • Metrics
    No metrics available