Object Tracking with Multiple Instance Learning and Gaussian Mixture Model

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Li, Na ; Zhao, Xiangmo ; Li, Daxiang ; Wang, Jing ; Bai, Bendu (2015)
  • Publisher: Binary Information Press
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.12733/jics20106217
  • Subject: Q1 | T1
    acm: ComputingMethodologies_PATTERNRECOGNITION | ComputingMethodologies_IMAGEPROCESSINGANDCOMPUTERVISION

Recently, Multiple Instance Learning (MIL) technique has been introduced for object tracking\linebreak applications, which has shown its good performance to handle drifting problem. While some instances in positive bags not only contain objects, but also contain the background, it is not reliable to simply assume that each feature of instances in positive bags obeys a single Gaussian distribution. In this paper, a tracker based on online multiple instance boosting has been developed, which employs Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) and single Gaussian distribution respectively to model features of instances in positive and negative bags. The differences between samples and the model are integrated into the process of updating the parameters for GMM. With the Haar-like features extracted from the bags, a set of weak classifiers are trained to construct a strong classifier, which is used to track the object location at a new frame. And the classifier can be updated online frame by frame. Experimental results have shown that our tracker is more stable and efficient when dealing with the illumination, rotation, pose and appearance changes.
  • References (4)

    [1] A. Yilmaz, O. Javed, M. Shah, Object tracking: a survey, ACM Computing Surveys 38(2006).

    [2] A. Adam, E. Rivlin, I. Shimshoni, Robust fragments-based tracking using the integral histogram, in: IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2006, pp. 798-805.

    [3] S. Avidan, Ensemble tracking, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 29 (2007) 261-271.

    [4] D. Ross, J. Lim, R. Lin, M. Yang, Incremental learning for robust visual tracking, International 19

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