Can Internal Shocks Produce the Variability in Gamma-Ray Bursts?
ArticleEnglishOPEN
Kobayashi, S
;
Piran, T
;
Sari, R
Publisher: American Astornomical Society and IOP Publishing
Subject: QB
arxiv: Astrophysics::High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
We discuss the possibility that gamma-ray bursts result from internal shocks in an ultra-relativistic matter. Using a simple model we calculate the temporal structure and we estimate the efficiency of this process. In this model the ultra-relativistic matter flow is represented by a succession of shells with random values of the Lorentz factor. We calculate the shocks that take place between those shells and we estimate the resulting emission. Internal shocks can produce the highly variable temporal structure observed in most of the bursts provided that the source emitting the relativistic flow is highly variable. The observed peaks are in almost one to one correlation to the activity of the emitting source. A large fraction of the kinetic energy is converted to radiation. The most efficient case is when an inner engine produces shells with comparable energy but very different Lorentz factors. It\ud also gives the most preferable temporal structure.