01. C. K. Lee and Y. Shen (2011) 'The Anti-Solidarity Machine? Labour Nongovernmental Organizations in China', in S. Kuruvilla, C. K. Lee and M. Gallagher (eds) From Iron Rice Bowl to Informalization: Markets, State and Workers in a Changing China (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press) p. 174.
02. Zhang Ziru, 'Guangdong NGOs Face Grand-scale Regulation: The Government is Using a Two-handed Policy, Suppression and Incorporation' (in Chinese), http://www.szwlg.org/news/lgnew/2012/0608/911.html, (accessed 3 September 2012).
03. Open Letter to Guangdong Government', http://sacom.hk/archives/953, (accessed 3 September 2012).
04. See www.56.com/u25/v_NzIxOTk2MTQ.html#fromoutpvid=NzIxOTk2MTQ for the video link; however, it might have been taken off some time later (accessed 3 September 2012).
05. K. Kumar (1993) 'Civil Society: An Inquiry into the Usefulness of a Historical Term', The British Journal of Society, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 375-95, at p. 376.
06. A. B. Seligman (1992) The Idea of Civil Society (New York: Macmillan) p. 3.
07. Kumar, 'Civil Society', pp. 376-82.
08. Karl Marx and Frederick Engels (1963) The German Ideology, edited by R. Pascal (New York: International Publishers) pp. 26-7, cited in Kumar, 'Civil Society', p. 377.
09. Kumar, 'Civil Society', p. 382.
10. A. Gramsci (1971) Selection from the Prison Notebooks (New York: International Publishers) pp. 245-6.