Body image in primary schools: A pilot evaluation of a primary school intervention program designed by teachers to improve children’s body satisfaction

Article English OPEN
Halliwell, E. ; Yager, Z. ; Paraskeva, N. ; Diedrichs, P. C. ; Smith, H. ; White, P. (2016)

Body Image in the Primary School (Hutchinson & Calland, 2011) is a body image curriculum that is widely available but has not yet been evaluated. This study evaluates a set of 6 of the 49 available lessons from this curriculum. Seventy-four girls and 70 boys aged 9-10 were recruited from four primary schools in the UK. Schools were randomly allocated into the intervention condition, where students received 6 hours of body image lessons, or to lessons as normal. Body esteem was significantly higher among girls in the intervention group, compared to the control group, immediately post intervention, and at 3 month follow-up. Moreover, girls with lowest levels of body esteem at baseline reported the largest gains. Internalization was significantly lower among boys in the control group compared to the intervention group at 3 month follow-up. The pattern of results among the control group raises interesting issues for intervention evaluation.
  • References (38)
    38 references, page 1 of 4

    Bennet, D.A. (2001). How can I deal with missing data in my study? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 25, 464 - 469. doi:10.111/j.1467- 842x.2001.tb00294.x

    Bird, E., Halliwell, E., Diedrichs, P. C., & Harcourt, D. (2013). Happy Being Me in the UK: A controlled evaluation of a body image intervention with pre-adolescent children. Body Image, 10, 326-334. doi:10.1016/j.bodyim.2013.02.008

    Buddeberg-Fischer, B., Klaghofer, R., Gnam, G., & Guddeberg, C. (1998). Prevention of disturbed eating behaviour: A prospective intervention study in 14 to19 year old Swiss Students. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 98, 146-155. doi:10.1080/10640260127723

    Cohen, J (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.

    Cusumano, D. L., & Thompson, J. K. (2001). Media influence and body image in 8-11‐yearold boys and girls: A preliminary report on the Multidimensional Media Influence Scale. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 29, 37-44. doi:10.1002/108x(200101)29

    Diedrichs, P. C., Atkinson, M. J., Steer, R. J., Garbett, K. M., Rumsey, N., & Halliwell, E. (2015). Effectiveness of a brief school-based body image intervention 'Dove Confident Me: Single Session'when delivered by teachers and researchers: Results from a cluster randomised controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 74, 94- 104. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2015.09.004

    Dohnt, H. K., & Tiggemann, M. (2008). Promoting positive body image in young girls: An evaluation of 'Shapesville'. European Eating Disorder Review, 16, 222-233. doi:10/1002/erv.814

    Duncan, M. J., Al-Nakeeb, Y., & Nevill, A. M. (2009). Effects of a 6-week circuit training intervention on body esteem and body mass index in British primary school children. Body Image, 6, 216-220. doi:10/1016/j.bodyim.2009.04.003

    Ferreiro, F., Seoane, G., & Senra, C. (2012). Gender-related risk and protective factors for depressive symptoms and disordered eating in adolescence: A 4-year longitudinal study. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41, 607-622. doi:10.1007/s10964-001- 9718-7

    Haines, J., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Perry, C. L., Hannan, P. J., & Levine, M. P. (2006). V.I.K. (Very Important Kids): A school-based program designed to reduce teasing and unhealthy weight-control behaviors. Health Education Research, 21, 884-895. doi:10/1093/her/cyl123

  • Metrics
    views in OpenAIRE
    views in local repository
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    UWE Research Repository - IRUS-UK 0 24
Share - Bookmark